Public Administration Mains 2017 : Solved Paper Question Paper-1 (Question-6)

Public Administration Mains 2017 : Solved Paper Question Paper-1 (Question-6)

(Section B)

Q6(a) “Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization have transformed the nature of development administration .” Discuss (20 marks) (Development Dynamics)

ANSWER: The role of development administration under LPG requires dismantling of a regime of regulations, controls, restrictions, licences, secrecy and delay. The development bureaucracy has to play an investor friendly, responsive, transparent, open and competitive role. So, this requires necessary administrative reform, which should aim at elimination of redundant practices, procedures, administrative laws and corruption. Thus, the policy of LPG affects the role, values and skills of development bureaucracy. It also decreases the scope of the functions of the state, resulting in minimum of state interference in the lives of the individuals. The state is called upon to oversee the operational side of the enterprises. This gives the state a new role as regulator.

Today, the role of development administration is towards more of governance, then of direct involvement. The development administration has to play enabling, collaborative, cooperative, partnership and regulatory roles.

Governance implies that development administration has to operate in a wider context and coordinate all efforts and activities of the governmental agencies at various levels with that of the market/the private sector, civil society groups, NGOs and contextual participant or elected local government bodies, self-help groups, etc. Although it appears that its directly handled operations have declined in some of the non-traditional areas, development administration has to provide synergy and direction for many collaborative, cooperative and regulatory activities with other segments of the society.

b)” Lateral entry of competent experts into the government will promote freshness and innovation, but it can create problems of accountability.” (15 marks) (Personnel Administration)

ANSWER: Lateral entrants may not only bring specialised expertise, good practices and work culture, but they could also induce competition within the system. When civil servants are made to compete with outside talent, the lethargic attitude will diminish. So the prospects of lateral entry will always propel overall efficiency. The Sixth Pay Commission and Second Administrative Reforms Commission (ARC) were unanimous on lateral entry.

Transparency and accountability are two important factors that should not be underplayed in hiring lateral entrants. Discretion on lateral entry may pave the way to charges of being “politically motivated”, which may degrade the system. For this, the ARC recommended the establishment of a central civil services authority to deal with issues concerning lateral entries. But the body, which would have ensured a robust and accountable system of lateral entry, is yet to come into existence.

Civil servants should also be encouraged to move out and work for different sectors on a short-term basis to enrich their knowledge and enhance their motivation and efficiency. Therefore, lateral exit is as important as lateral entry. This has the potential to raise the civil services from its slump.

c) “There can be no performance auditing without performance budgeting “.( 15 marks) (Financial Administration)


Click Here for Public Administration Study Kit in Hard Copy for IAS Mains Exam

Click Here to Join Public Administration Online Coaching for IAS Mains Exam

<< Go Back to Main Page