Public Administration Mains 2017 : Solved Paper Question Paper-2 (Question-2)

Public Administration Mains 2017 : Solved Paper Question Paper-2 (Question-2)

(SECTION A)

Q2) a) “The market reforms have not infringed the basic structure of the Constitution of India, but have largely compromised the realization of the ideals of social and economic justice.” Comment (20 marks) (Philosophical and Constitutional framework of government)

ANSWER : Until the end of the 1970s, and to a large extent even in the 1980s, development was state-directed and state-driven. The preamble pointed out that the priority given to the concept of justice as compared to liberty, equality and fraternity and to social and economic as compared to political justice. To achieve the ideals of social and economic justice the state is required to involve in different social justice schemes like reservation for SC/ST/OBCs, MGNREGA, Mid Day Meal Scheme, Sarva Sikha Abhiyan, etc. A fundamental shift from this perception to one supporting a liberalised economy occurred in the early 1990s.

Social development has many dimensions.Equally, growth does not automatically result in increased social sector expenditures. There has to be a definite policy focus. Social sector expenditure must be prioritised to reflect the needs of the society. The administrative framework and delivering systems must be such as to maximise benefits. Reforms, to be credible, must not only result in higher growth but also benefit all sections of society. Government must therefore, pursue a two-fold strategy: of accelerating growth through an appropriate reform agenda and deploying the surpluses generated through growth to augment social welfare. The market reforms of our country are focussing more and more on the expansion of capitalism and privatisation, and continuously focus is diluted from the issues of social justice except in certain conditions when state intervenes is indispensable to control the market forces i.e. demand and supply.

b) “The idea of lateral entry into the Civil Services would energies Indian administration.” What are its possible advantages and limitations?(20) ( Civil Services)

ANSWER : With recommendations of the Seventh Pay Commission, the debate on lateral entry into the civil services has restarted. The idea of lateral induction is not new. Lateral induction is a small step towards essential housekeeping in central government staffing.

Possible advantages: (1) It infuses fresh energy and thinking into an insular, complacent and often archaic bureaucracy.

(2) It enables the entry of right-minded professionals and the adoption of best practices for improving governance.

(3) It filled up the vacant post with available best talent.

Possible Limitations : (1) Lateral entry could further enfeeble the bureaucracy.

(2) Risk of degenerating into an uncontrollable “spoils” system.

(3) It raises concerns about accountability.

(4) Adversely affecting the morale of incumbents and distort the incentives of entrants.

(5) It would adversely affect career-progression opportunities.

c) “Pro-Active Governance and Timely implementation (PRAGATI) is an innovative project of the Union Government.” Discuss its features and modalities (10) (Union Government and Administration)

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