Public Administration Mains 2017 :
Solved Paper Question Paper-2 (Question-6)
Q6) a) “The Prime Ministers awards for Excellence in
Public Administration encourage good governance initiatives. “ Discuss some such
initiatives by the Civil Servants in this context.(20) (Civil Services)
ANSWER : Government was almost the sole provider of goods and
services, which left a lot of scope for ignoring one’s shortcomings. However,
now, very often, people perceive that the private sector offers better services
than Government. Alternatives now being available in several areas, the
responsibilities of Government officers have increased. This increase is not in
terms of scope of work, but in terms of the challenge.
The Prime Minister presents awards for Excellence in Implementation of Priority
Programmes and addressed Civil Servants on the occasion of the eleventh Civil
Services Day. V.S. Pandey, a senior IAS officer, Uttar Pradesh cadre, joined
hands with Julio Ribeiro, the former police chief, and a few others, under the
auspices of a non-governmental organisation-styled India Rejuvenation Initiative
(IRI), to file a writ petition on the need to ferret out black money owned by
Indians and stashed abroad.
The few mavericks who display a semblance of remonstrance are heavily penalised
so as to deter potential dissenters. It is this sordid state of affairs that
Justices Chelameshwar and Sikri will have to be hailed for coming squarely to
the rescue of a hapless senior official of the U.P. government for his alleged
b) “Implementation of Goods and Services Tax (GST) has
led to a paradigm shift in the Centre-State relations , both financially and
politically .” Analyze with examples (20) (State Government and Administration)
ANSWER : The implementation of GST charts a new course for fiscal
federalism in India. It paves the way for India’s largest-ever tax reform. It
defines a new vision of federalism where the tangles between the Union and state
governments in exercise of their taxation powers give way to collective and
GST enshrines the following guiding principles :
First, the tax will apply to both goods and services and any mixture of the two.
Second, the tax will apply to the full supply chain and by way of sale or lease
or any other arrangement.
Third, tax will apply only on a destination, rather than origin, basis.
Fourth, tax can be levied on a given base by both the Centre and the states
concurrently. Presently, taxation powers of the Centre and the states are
Finally, no tax can apply to impede the free flow of goods and services in the
common market of India.
The biggest apprehension of the states has been the loss of fiscal autonomy. The
Constitutional Amendment strikes a delicate balance between the demands of the
fiscal autonomy of the states and the need for harmonisation of 38 different
First, the Centre and the states retain the power to design taxes as they
consider appropriate within the defined framework.
Second, the states have insisted on the exclusion of large chunks of the economy
such as petroleum, alcohol, electricity and real estate from the GST base.
Third, the states have also retained the autonomy to set the tax rates under GST
within a narrow band of 2%. Finally, the states have been given assurance of
compensation for any loss in revenues for a five year period.
c) “The Right to Information (RTI) has started its
journey but is far from its destination.” Comment (10). (Significant issues in
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