Public Administration Mains 2018 : Solved Paper Public Administration : Paper-2-Question-2

Public Administration Mains 2018 : Solved Paper Question Paper-2 (Question-2)


Q2. a. "The market-driven profitability concerns have shaken the foundation of the public sector undertakings.” Do you agree? Give reasons. (Public Sector Undertakings)


b. It is argued that the NITI Aayog has broken the edifice of planning into fragments. Comment. (Plans and Priorities)

ANSWER: One of the main edifices of the Nehruvian era, the 60-year old Planning Commission, has been disbanded to be replaced by NITI Aayog. The NITI Aayog was formed to bring fresh ideas to the government. Its first mandate is to act as a think tank. It can be visualised as a funnel through which new and innovative ideas come from all possible sources — industry, academia, civil society or foreign specialists — and flow into the government system for implementation. NITI Aayog is also bringing about a greater level of accountability in the system. Earlier, we had 12 Five-Year Plans, but they were mostly evaluated long after the plan period had ended. Hence, there was no real accountability. NITI Aayog’s Development Monitoring and Evaluation Office collects data on the performance of various Ministries on a real-time basis. This performance- and outcome-based real-time monitoring and evaluation of government work can have a significant impact on improving the efficiency of governance. Using such data, we also come up with performance-based rankings of States across various verticals to foster a spirit of competitive federalism. With its current mandate that is spread across a range of sectors and activities, and with its unique and vibrant work culture, NITI Aayog remains an innovative governance system in the country.

c. “Autonomy of civil society is crucial for responsive and effective administration.” Examine the statement (Significant issues in Indian Administration)


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