(GIST OF KURUKSHETRA) Good Governance at Grassroots Level
Good Governance at Grassroots Level
- The village-level governance model or Panchayati Raj governance system is structured in three layers.
- In States or Union Territories with more than two million inhabitants there are three levels of PRIs:
- Gram Panchayat at the village level
- Mandal Parishad or Block Samiti or Panchayat Samiti at the block level
- Zila parishad at the district level
- As per 2019 records, there are around 6614 Block Panchayats, 630 Zila Parishad, and approximately 253163 Gram Panchayats.
Gram Panchayat Development Plans
- It is a special campaign that was launched to prepare Panchayat Development Plan for economic development and social justice utilizing the available resources.
- The guidelines of 2015 were revised in 2018 to further ease the process.
Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA)
- RGSA, the ‘Transformation of Aspirational Districts’ was launched to bring people-propelled development at ground level.
- It enables the Panchayats to function effectively to achieve Sustainable Development Goals and development objectives.
- It provides a platform for online reporting, monitoring, and management of panchayat activities.
- It aims to bring transparency and accountability using technology.
- It aims to revolutionize property record management in the country.
Deen Dayal Upadhyay Panchayat Sashaktikaran Yojana (DDUPSY)
- It was launched in 2014 to strengthen PRIs by providing them with the required resources and capabilities to undertake constitutional duties.
- It aims to empower PRIs to undertake planning, implementation, and development.
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
- It was launched in 2014 to make India clean and defecation free.
- It focused on creating a culture of cleanliness and promoting the use of toilets in rural areas.