(The Gist of PIB) Global Initiative to reduce Land Degradation and Coral Reef program launched
(THE GIST OF PIB) Global Initiative to reduce Land Degradation and Coral Reef program launched
Global Initiative to reduce Land Degradation and Coral Reef program launched
- Initiatives were launched at Environment Ministerial Meeting of the G20 countries.
Global Initiative on Reducing Land Degradation:
- It aims to strengthen the implementation of existing frameworks to prevent, halt, and reverse land degradation within G20 member states and globally. It will take into account possible implications on the achievement of other SDGs.
- In India about 29% of the land is undergoing degradation.
- India is signatory to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification.
- India's goal is to achieve land degradation neutral status by 2030, whereby increases
in land degradation would be offset by gains in land reclamation.
Global Coral Reef research and development Accelerator Platform:
- It aims at creating a global research and development program to advance research, innovation and capacity building in all facets of coral reef conservation, restoration, and adaptation.
- Coral reefs are some of the most bio diverse and productive ecosystems.
- They act as natural barriers to shorelines, protecting them damage and flooding from storms, hurricanes, and cyclones.
- They absorb CO2.
- In India, Coral reefs are present in the areas of Gulf of Kutch, Gulf of Mannar, Andaman and Nicobar, Lakshadweep Islands and Malvan (Maharashtra).