(THE GIST OF PIB) International Labour Organisation
International Labour Organisation
Apurva Chandra, Secretary (Labour and Employment) completed his tenure as Chair of Governing Body of ILO after holding the position for the period October 2020- June 2021. India assumed the Chairmanship of the Governing Body of ILO after a gap of 35 years.
- The International Labour Organization (ILO) is the United Nations agency for the world of work.
- Mandate: Its mandate is to advance social and economic justice through setting international labour standards.
- Motto: ILO’s mandate as the basis for peace is expressed today as Decent Work for all.
- HQ: Geneva, Switzerland.
- Parent organization: Economic and Social Council of the United Nations
- It is also a member of the United Nations Development Group (UNDP), a coalition of UN organization aimed at helping meet the Sustainable Development Goals.
- History: It was created in 1919, as part of the Treaty of Versailles that ended World War I, to reflect the belief that universal and lasting peace can be accomplished only if it is based on social justice. In 1946, the ILO became a specialized agency of the newly formed United Nations.
- Members: The ILO has 187 member states: 186 out of 193 UN member states plus the Cook Islands.
- Structure: It is the only tripartite U.N. agency, that brings together governments, employers and workers’ representatives of 187-member States.