For the past few centuries the Earth has been witnessing several environmental problems — even though the ongoing climate change events such as increasing temperature, cloud bursts, frequent cyclones, long and irregular winter, and drought have received more attention in the public platforms.
These extreme climatic events have challenged the physical, mental, and economic health of humans and made them think and speak out.
This realisation has been following by several agencies making efforts to mitigate the climate change impacts. However, most of the proposed/adopted mitigation strategies by individuals and governments have not addressed the issues in a convincing way.
It is known that global warming is the result of the incessant release of greenhouse gases especially Carbon Dioxide (CO2) from several sectors — especially from automobiles and associated industries — triggering the extreme climatic events.
Earlier the natural forest cover and the oceans absorbed the enormous quantities of CO2 released in the environment. However, continuous deforestation and other anthropogenic pressures prevailing in and around the ocean and forests have slowed down the carbon sequestration potential of these systems.