(GIST OF YOJANA) A Paradigm Shift: Broadened Scope &
A Paradigm Shift: Broadened Scope & Operation
Vast disparities within the sector do exist. The Census 2011 data revealed
that nearly 55 percent agriculturalists are agricultural labour. The SECC 2011
data estimates 56.4 percent of rural households to be landless. A minimum of
16.44 million workers depend on livestock rearing and fisheries for livelihood.
The policy derivatives emphasized in the Union Budget 2018-19 will have long
lasting impact on the nation’s agricultural landscape owing to their inclusive
nature. The Budget explicitly recognizes agriculture as an enterprise. The
approach is empowering to the farmers given the historical treatment of farmers
as passive recipients of benefits of the Government’s schemes.
Income security has been a recurring theme in all the three previous budgets.
Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana, announced in the second year of the
government’s incumbency for securing a farmer’s economic position, now covers 26
50 percent of farmer population It became a game changer in the sense that
coverage of non-loanee farmer increased by 6 times in Kharif 2017. Initiatives
were launched on micro-irrigation, soil health and organic farming “ to ”ensure
sustainability in Agriculture. The discourse on soil health card has moved ahead
to explore benefitting uses of the tool, beyond merely ensuring outreach. Till
now, 11.5 crores soil health cards have been dispatched by the government. 470
markets have been linked to e-National Agriculture Market platform so far.
Infrastructure building for the livestock sector also has been a recurring theme
in the preceding budgets.