GS Mains Model Question & Answer: Act of 1935 provided a base for further constitution making in free India.
Q. Act of 1935 provided a base for further constitution making in free India.
Act of 1935 provided a base for further constitution making in free India.
Act of 1935 provided a base for further constitution making in free India
could be seen in its features which helped the makers of our constitution to
evolve a framework according to the realism and pragmatism of the society.
Salient Features of the Government of India Act 1935 were as follows:
- Abolition of provincial dyarchy and introduction of dyarchy at centre.
- Abolition of Indian Council and introduction of an advisory body in its place.
- Provision for an All India Federation with British India territories and
- Elaborate safeguards and protective instruments for minorities.
- Supremacy of British Parliament.
- Increase in size of legislatures, extension of franchise, division of subjects
into three lists and retention of communal electorate.
- Separation of Burma from India
The framers of the Indian Constitution have adopted many provisions from this
Act. The relations between the Union and the States and the three lists (Union,
State and Concurrent) dividing governmental powers between them.
Protection of minorities in the context of Fundamental Rights,DPSP etc
Supremacy of Parliament in making laws and amendments etc.
According to Prof. Jennings, “The Constitution derives directly from the
Government of India Act, 1935, from which in fact many of its provisions are
copied almost textually.”