GS Mains Model Question & Answer : How realistic is the objective of the Government of India to double the income of farmers by 2022 ? Comment

 GS Mains Model Question & Answer : How realistic is the objective of the Government of India to double the income of farmers by 2022 ? Comment


Q. How realistic is the objective of the Government of India to double the income of farmers by 2022 ? Comment

Model Answer:

How realistic is the objective of the Government of India to double the income of farmers by 2022 ? Examine what it takes to achieve this objective.

The recent announcement of central govt to double the farmer income by 2022 is a welcome step, but it needs much introspection on part of the executive branch. Though this task is not so easy to achieve which seems to be a upheaval task but not impossible.

Measures that can be taken to achieve are:

a) Establishment of National Agriculture market is a good step which needs to be implemented as soon as possible so that farmers can realize better price of their crops through this competitive market.
b) Increasing penetration of organic farming, which leads to better yield in the long run as compared to farming done using chemical fertilizers
c) Increasing focus on Gross sown area, rather than net sown area, which will provide more area for pursuing secondary agricultural activities and increase farmer income
d) Investments in research and technology to ensure proper high yields from the same land holding.
e) Diversification of agriculture by involving farmers in horticulture, pisiculture would help realise the same.
f) International cooperation from countries like Israeli could be taken who uses various technology to increase dry farming productivity
g) Mechanization of agriculture and preventing segregation of lands, improving banking access and banking products according to farmers demand like easy credit availability for buying machines, traders can make payments through mobile vallets to prevent middleman exploitation.

Agriculture sector is still the biggest source of employment but its contribution to national income is very low showing the need for the policy in order to revamp this sector and empower our farmer by increasing their income.

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