GS Mains Model Question & Answer:What are the Challenges to governance and administration? Comment
Q. What are the Challenges to governance and administration? Comment
What are the Challenges to governance and administration?
Governance is the exercise of economic, political and administrative authority
to manage a count affairs at all levels. It consists of the mechanisms,
processes and institutions through which citizens groups articulate their
interests, exercise their legal rights, meet their obligations mid mediate t
A series of political reforms have been enacted by Parliament by unanimous these
include the electoral funding, reforms promoting transparency and fairness and
creating t incentives to donors, disclosure of antecedents of candidates
contesting for public office, and the 97 Constitutional Amendment limiting the
size of the Council of Ministers to 15 per cent of the strength the Lower House
and considerably strengthening anti-defection provisions. A new value-added tax
regime has been introduced recently, which is seen as the most ambitious tax
reform after Independent
The path-breaking Right to Information Act has come into effect recently. This
new law applies to union and state agencies, local governments and even
societies and trusts which receive public fund This far-reaching law also
provides for independent information commissioners, proactive disclosure and
reporting mechanisms and has the potential to impact our governance process in a
profound an positive way by empowering citizens.
These welcome initiatives indicate that our political system is willing to
respond to the growing challenges of governance.
However, a lot more remains to be done. There is increasing lawlessness in
several pockets of the country, and armed groups are resorting to violence with
impunity for sectarian or ideological reason the state apparatus Is generally
perceived to be largely inefficient, with most functionaries serving no useful
The bureaucracy is generally seen to be tardy, inefficient, and unresponsive.
Corruption is all-pervasive, eating into the vitals of our system, undermining
economic growth, distorting competition, and disproportionately hurting the poor
and marginalized citizens. Criminalization of politics continues unchecked, with
money and muscle power playing a large role in elections. In general, there is
high degree of volatility in society on account of unfulfilled expectations and
poor delivery. Abuse of authority at all levels in all organs of state has
become the bane of our democracy. The perception that every political party and
politician is corrupt needs to be seriously addressed, and restructuring the
systems in all sectors - political, bureaucratic and judicial - is of paramount
There is a need to restructure our political and governance institutions and
rejuvenate our Republic. Otherwise, the growing cynicism and despair among large
sections may shatter public confidence in democratic institutions.