(Download) UPSC IAS Mains Exam 2017
SOCIOLOGY OPTIONAL (Paper-2)
Exam Name: UPSC IAS Mains Sociology Optional (Paper-II)
Time Allowed: 3 Hours
Q1. Write short answers with a sociological perspective on the following, in
about 150 words each: (10x5=50)
(a) Write a critique of the structural and functional perspective used by M.N.
Srinivas in the understanding of Indian society.
(b) Which is more significant, the principal of ‘hierarchy’ or the principal
of difference; in intercaste relations in the present day ?
(c) What are the distinct features of islam as practised in India, and how
have they changed over time ?
(d) How have the struggles against untouchability changed their forms and
perspective from Gandhian to Ambedkarite positions?
(e) Write a short note an changing means of production and increased rural
(a) The main objective of socio- religious movement during the colonial rule
in India were reforming and synthesizing Hinduism. Write an any two such
important movement. (20 Marks)
(b) Discuss Yogendra singh’s thesis on Modernization of Indian Tradition. And
evaluate its applicability in the present day context. (20 Marks)
(c) What are the changes in the cultural and structural aspects of the caste
system since independence ? (10 Marks)
(a) Indebtedness is one of the serious issue leading to farmers suicides
Discuss reasons and suggest solutions. (20 Marks)
(b) Clarify the distinction between “household” and “family” and evaluate
Whether joint families have completely disintegrated. (20 Marks)
(c) Compare the north Indian kinship System with the South Indian kinship
system. (10 Marks)
(a) Explain the concepts of dominant caste’ and ‘ vote ‘ bank giving
examples from specific regions. (20 Marks)
(b) What is the nature of religious change among tribal communities ?
Illustrate with two examples from colonial and post independence times. (20
(c) Compare the pressing problems of a dalit poor family living in an urban
slum with a similar type of family living in a rural setting . (10 Marks)
Q5. Write short answers with a sociological perspective on the
following, in about 150 words each: (10x5=50)
(a) What are the reason for the escalation of violence against women in
the public domain ?
(b) Write a note on Education and equality in India.
(c) Give an account of the problems relating to the “creamy layer”.
(d) Do you agree that the issue of child labour raises questions about and
beyond the informal sector ? Give reasons.
(e) What are the Emerging concerns on women’s reproductive health ?
(a) Discuss some of the striking issues of development induced imbalances
that need urgent attention. (20 Marks)
(b) Examine the impact of heritage tourism on urban socio-spatial patterns in
India. (20 Marks)
(c) What are the causes and solutions for the low female sex-ratio in the
DEMARU States of Punjab, Haryana, Himachal, and Gujrat ? (10 Marks)
(a) Despite gains from the women’s gender movement and states policy of
women empowerment, gender equality is far from achieved. Identify two major
challenges the the prevent this goal form being reached. (20 Marks)
(b) To what extent does nation building depends on strengthening of
pluralities in Indian society? (20 Marks)
(c) Explain the issue relating to ethnicity and sub-ethnicity. (10 Marks)
(a) What is cultural Revivalism ? Give some examples from performing arts
, language dissemination and arts crafts in recent times. (20 Marks)
(b) What, according to you are the two fundamental axes of social
discrimination in Indian society ? Are they changing ? (20 Marks)
(c) Why have we started using another category of tribes called the
Particularly Vulnerable Groups (PVTGs) Why are they so called ? (10 Marks)