(Download) UPSC IAS Mains Exam 2018
Exam Name: UPSC IAS Mains Geography (Paper-II)
Time Allowed: 3 Hours
Q.1 (a) On the outline map of India provided to you, mark the location of
all of the following. Write in your QCA Booklet the significance of these
physical/commercial/economic/ecological/environmental/cultural, in not more than
30 words for each entry:
1. Shyok River
4. Kori Creek
10. Mulshi Lake
b) Explain the unusual intensity of dust storms and thunderstorms across
India in the pre-monsoon period of year 2018.
c) Why setting up of Water Management Boards is a controversial issue in India.
d) Keeping the recent developments in view, how can the energy crisis of India
be circumvented by harnessing non conconventional energy resources?
Q.2 a) Distinguish the geographical aspects of North-Western lava
plateau and Chotanagpur Plateau of Peninsular India.
b) Explain the contemporary agricultural scenario in the context of rapid
urbanizations in India.
c) Assess the suitability of Special Economic Zones (SEZs) for the sustainable
economic development in India.
Q.3 a) Examine the ongoing process of agricultural diversification and
its implications for food security in India.
b) Account for the persisting negative trade balance of India.
c) Critically assess the vanishing ethnic linguistic plurality of India.
Q.4 a) Examine the driving forces of changing urban morphology of
millionplus cities of India with suitable examples.
b) Discuss the emerging geo-political scenario of Indian Ocean realm.
c) Give a critical account of region specific constraints of sustainable
tourisms in India.
Q.5 Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:
a) Discuss the socio-economic problems associates with the left behind
families of international migrants from India.
b) Explain the changing river courses and their impacts on the riparian
population in India with suitable examples.
c) Make a critical appraisal of the factors affecting river water quality in
d) Examine the role of people’s participation in successful decentralized
planning in India.
e) Describe the socio-spatial consequences of the recent Nipah viral
encephalitis in India.
Q.6 a) Illustrate with suitable examples the endeavours undertaken in
augmenting conservation of water and vegetation in India.
b) Discuss the strategies of integrated development of island territories in
c) Cross border terrorism has implications on border area development in India.
Examine it with suitable examples.
Q.7 a) Explain the pipeline network across India and its impact on
b) Discuss the changing composition of international trade through major
seaports of India.
c) Peri-urbanization has created enormous environmental problems. Discuss their
causes and consequences with reference to the National Capital Region (N.C.R) of
Q.8 a) Describe the changing regional morphology of rural settlements
b) Startups may play important role in giving fillip to economic growth in
India. Illustrate with examples.
c) Is the land boundary of India with its neighbouring countries a cultural
divide or divided culture? Explain with suitable examples.