(Download) UPSC MAIN EXAM:2018 - PSYCHOLOGY (Paper-2)

(Download) CS (MAIN) EXAM:2018 Psychology (Paper 2)

Exam Name: CS (MAIN) EXAM:2018 Psychology (Paper II)
Marks: 250
Time Allowed : Three Hours

SECTION-A

1. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each: 10x5=50 marks

1.(a) Bring out the similarities and differences between intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests. 10 marks
1.(b) How does stress contribute to the causation of physical illness ? Discuss the role of optimism as factor moderating the impact of stress.10 marks
1.(c) In the context of positive social change differentiate between first-order and second-order change. Why is the second-order change often the focus of community psychology?10 marks
1.(d) What role do cultural factors play in rehabilitation of senior citizens with possible memory and cognitive decline ? Comment on the significance of family and social support in such rehabilitation in India. 10 marks
1.(e) In what specific ways can psychologists work for empowering the communities that have been marginalized by the society? 10 marks

2.(a)Discuss the efficacy of systematic desensitization in reducing clients' phobic reactions. Illustrate your answer with suitable example 15 marks
2.(b) Explain the ctiology of manic-depressive disorder. Evaluate the suitability of therapeutic methods for the treatment of manic-depressive disorder. 15 marks
2.(c) Discuss the different steps in the construction and standardization of psychological tests. Illustrate your answer with suitable example. 20 marks

3.(a) How is giftedness identified and what are the issues in such identification in Indian context ? How is giftedness related to IQ and creativity ? 15 marks
3.(b) Discuss the distinctive aspects of modern psychodynamic therapy. How can it be helpful in the treatment of diverse array of disorders ? 15 marks
3.(c) Can effective teaching-learning be viewed as a process of collaborative construction of knowledge? What are the implications of such a view on classroom structure and management in Indian conditions ? 20 marks

4.(a) Explain the nature of sensitivity training. Comment on its utility as an organizational development technique.15 marks
4.(b) Discuss the role of social and environmental intervention in rehabilitation of the mentally challenged. Why are such interventions crucial in Indian settings? 15 marks
4.(c) Explain Herzberg's theory of work-motivation. Critically comment on its relevance in Indian context.. 20 marks

UPSC Mains General Studies Study Kit

section-B

5. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each: 10x5=50 marks

5.(a) Explain, using psychological framework, the impact of IT and mass media on the work-life in India. 10 marks
5.(b) What psychological factors act as barriers in the context of women's entrepreneurship? How can they be overcome ? 10 marks
5.(c) Discuss the most commonly used techniques or skills psychologists teach to athletes for improving their performance. 10 marks
5.(d) Explain the psychosocial factors demotivating people from small family norms. 10 marks
5.(e) With some examples show how can indigenous knowledge systems be used in management of biodiversity and cultural diversity ? 10 marks

6.(a) How is disadvantage related to a social structure of hierarchy and discrimination ? What is its relationship with capability deprivation and poverty ? 15 marks
6.(b) Discuss the relevance of frustration - aggression hypothesis in the context of caste prejudice in India. 15 marks
6.(c) Discuss some major factors of educational failure among tribal communities in India. Why must education of the disadvantaged emphasise development of selfefficacy and intrinsic motivation ? 20 marks

7.(a) Explain how mass media contribute to acquisition and learning of aggressive and violent behaviour. Examine the relationship between exposure to erotica and aggressiveness. 15 marks
7.(b) Explain the psychosocial consequences of crowding and high population density. Suggest appropriate policies to deal with the related problems in Indian context. 15 marks
7.(c) Critically describe the role of cultural assimilation in facilitating/hindering social integration in India. Illustrate with suitable example. 20 marks

8.(a) Discuss the relationship between sex-role stereotyping, self-fulfilling prophesy and glass ceiling effect in Indian society: 15 marks
8.(b) What role can psychologist play in promoting psychological well being of defence personnel in the context of prolonged deprivational and stressful condition? 15 marks
8.(c) Explain the interrelationship among achievement motivation, entreprenurial behaviour and economic development. Discuss critically as to whether achievement motivation can be enhanced through training. Cite relevant Indian studies. 20 marks

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UPSC Mains General Studies Study Kit