(Download) UPSC IAS Mains Exam 2018
Exam Name: UPSC IAS Mains SOCIOLOGY (Paper-I)
Time Allowed: 3 Hours
Q 1. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:
(a) The focal point of sociology rests on interaction. How do you
distinguish it from common sense?
(b) Distinguish between fact and value in Weber's Protestant Ethic ad Spirit of
(c) Do you think T and Me are central terms in Mead's work.
(d) What is the difference between natural and social inequality examples from
caste and class dimensions.
(e) What are the new forms of family in developed societies? Discuss.
Q 2. (a) Is non-positivistic methodology scientific? Illustrate.
(b) Explain Durkheim's basic arguments on suicide. Can you analyse high suicide
rates of contemporary Indian society with Durkheim's theory?
(c) Evaluate if social stratification is functional for society.
Q 3. (a) Does collapse of functionalism and bankruptcy of Marxism
coincide with the rupture of modernity? Discuss.
(b) Define patriarchy. How does patriarchy manifest in interpersonal relations?
(c) What is the difference between anomie in Merton and Durkheim? Explain.
Q 4. (a) According to Marx, how are human beings alienated from their
human potential and what does he suggest to change this?
(b) Schooling does not ensure upward mobility of all members of this society.
Discuss with reference in class societies.
(c) Discuss the challenges thrown by religious revivalism to a secular
Q 5. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:
(a) Is the theory of cultural lag valid in present times? Discuss.
(b) Are social movements primordial in means and progressive in agenda? Explain.
(c) Does scientific method make Sociology a Science? Illustrate your answer with
Durkheim's method .
(d) Distinguish between qualitative techniques of data collection with suitable
examples from Indian society.
(e) In social mobility possible in closed systems of stratification ? Illustrate
from research work.
Q 6. (a) Discuss the nature of social organization of work in
capitalist society with reference to the Limits of the working day.
(b) Distinguish between family and household with reference to the concept of
development of the household.
(c) Explain with examples, the explanatory and exploratory designs of social
Q 7. (a) How can Parsons' AGIL framework be used to analyse key
problems is a society? Discuss.
(b) What is labour commitment? Discuss it with reference to studies of
(c) What, according to Pareto, are the basic characteristics of elites? Discuss
Q 8. (a) “The sociological imagination enables us to grasp history and
biography and the relationship between the two in a society.” – C.W.Mills .
(b) What is sects? Discuss their role in multi-religious societies with
(c) In what way did Durkheim perceive religion as functional to society?