(Download) CS (MAIN) EXAM:2019 ANTHROPOLOGY (Paper I)

(Download) CS (MAIN) EXAM:2019 ANTHROPOLOGY (Paper I)

  • Exam Name: CS (MAIN) EXAM:2019 ANTHROPOL0GY (Paper I)

  • Marks: 250

  • Time Allowed : Three Hours


Q1. Write notes on the following in about 150 words each: 10x5=50 marks

(a) The relationship between Linguistics and Social-Cultural Anthropology 10 Marks
(b) Cultural Relativism 10 Marks
(c) Pastoralism in India 10 Marks
(d) Cultural Materialism 10 Marks
(e) Relative Dating Methods 10 Marks

Q2. (a) Discuss the evolutionary significance of bipedalism and erect posture. 20 Marks
(b) How did Radcliffe-Brown and Levi-Strauss study kinship in terms of social structure ?  15 Marks
(c) Elucidate Mesolithic culture and associated rock art with examples from India. 15 Marks

Q3. (a) Discuss social stratification according to any three major approaches. 20 Marks
(b) "Europeans are closer to Neanderthals.” Critically discuss in view of the African origin of humankind. 15 marks
(c) Discuss briefly the major traditions in the Upper Palaeolithic culture of Europe. 15 marks

Q4. (a) With reference to the somatoscopic and morphometric characteristics commonly used for racial classification, make critical comments as to  whether 'Race' is a valid concept. 20 Marks

(b) Critically explain the anthropological approaches to religion. 15 marks
(c) Differentiate between transient and balanced genetic polymorphism. Illustrate your answer with suitable examples from human populations. 15 marks

UPSC Mains General Studies Study Kit


Q5. Write notes on the following in about 150 words each: 10x5=50 marks

(a) Adaptive primate radiation
(b) Implications of mutation in evolution 
(e) Olduvai Gorge 
(d) Anthropological inputs in facial reconstruction 
(e) Genetico-environmental factors affecting human growth 

Q6. (a) Examine critically the contributions of Victor Turner and Clifford Geertz in anthropology. 20 marks
(b)  “Human adaptations are always bio-cultural in nature.” Discuss with reference to human adaptation to high-altitude climate.15 marks
(c) Discuss the methods of studying human growth with their merits and demerits. 15 marks

Q7. (a) Discuss how indigenous people encounter globalization. 20 marks
(b) “Applied human genetics has come to touch every sphere of human life.” Discuss in light of recent advances in molecular anthropology. 15  marks
(c) Evaluate participant observation in producing anthropological knowledge. 15 marks

Q8. (a) Discuss with examples the Megalithic culture of India in the archaeological context. 20 marks
(b) Discuss the bio-cultural factors influencing fertility in light of the relationship between fecundity and fertility. 15  marks
(c) Discuss phenomenology as a research method in anthropological studies. 15 marks

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UPSC Mains General Studies Study Kit