Physical Geography :

1. Explain the factors responsible for the origin of ocean currents. How do they influence regional climates, fishing and navigation? (UPSC 2015)
2. How far do you agree that the behavior of the Indian monsoon has been changing due to humanizing landscapes? Discuss.(UPSC 2015)
3. Most of the unusual climatic happenings are explained as an outcome of the EI-Nino effect. Do you agree? (UPSC 2014)
4. Why are the world's fold mountain systems located along the margins of continents? Bring out the association between the global distribution of fold mountains and the earthquakes and volcanoes.(UPSC 2014)
5. Explain the formation of thousands of islands in Indonesian and Philippines archipelagos. (UPSC 2014)
 6. Tropical cyclones are largely confined to South China Sea, Bay of Bengal and Gulf of Mexico. Why?(UPSC 2014)
7. Critically evaluate the various resources of the oceans which can be harnessed to meet the resource crisis in the world.(UPSC 2014)
8. What do you understand by the theory of 'continental drift'? Discuss the prominent evidences in its support.(UPSC 2013)
9. The recent cyclone on east coast of India was called 'Phailin'. How are the tropical cyclones named across the world? Elaborate.(UPSC 2013)
10. Bring out the causes for the formation of heat islands in the urban habitat of the world.(UPSC 2013)
11. What do you understand by the phenomenon of 'temperature inversion' in meteorology? How does it affect weather and the habitants of the place?(UPSC 2013)
12. Major hot deserts in northern hemisphere are located between 20-30 deg N latitudes and on the western side of the continents. Why?(UPSC 2013)
13. Bring out the causes for more frequent occurrence of landslides in the Himalayas than in the Western Ghats.(UPSC 2013)
14. There is no formation of deltas by rivers of the Western Ghats. Why? Indian Geography(UPSC 2013)

Indian Geography :

1. Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata are the three mega cities of the country but the air pollution is much more serious problem in Delhi as compared to the other two. Why is this so?(UPSC 2015)
2. India is well endowed with fresh water resources. Critically examine why it still suffers from water scarcity. (UPSC 2015)
3. The states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand are reaching the limits of their ecological carrying capacity due to tourism. Critically evaluate.(UPSC 2015)
4. Smart cities in India cannot sustain without smart villages. Discuss this statement in the backdrop of rural urban integration.(UPSC 2015)
5. Bring out the relationship between the shrinking Himalayan glaciers and the symptoms of climate change in the Indian sub-continent. (UPSC 2014)

Resource Geography :

1. What are the economic significances of discovery of oil in Arctic Sea and its possible environmental consequences?'(UPSC 2015)
2. Whereas the British planters had developed tea gardens all along the Shivaliks and Lesser Himalayas from Assam to Himachal Pradesh, in effect they did not succeed beyond the Darjeeling area. Explain.(UPSC 2014)
3. Why did the Green Revolution in India virtually by-pass the eastern region despite fertile soil and good availability of water? (UPSC 2014)
4. Account for the change in the spatial pattern of the Iron and Steel industry in the world.(UPSC 2014)
5. How does India see its place in the economic space of rising natural resource rich Africa? (UPSC 2014)
6.(a) Do you agree that there is a growing trend of opening new sugar mills in southern States of India? Discuss with justification.(UPSC 2013)
(b) Analyze the factors for the highly decentralized cotton textile industry in India.(UPSC 2013)
7. With growing scarcity of fossil fuels, the atomic energy is gaining more and more significance in India. Discuss the availability of raw material required for "the generation of atomic energy in India and in the world.(UPSC 2013)
8. It is said that India has substantial reserves of shale oil and gas, which can feed the needs of the country for quarter century. However, tapping of the resource does not appear to be high on the agenda. Discuss critically the availability and issues involved.(UPSC 2013)

UPSC Mains General Studies Study Kit (GS I + GS II + GS III + GS IV)

Printed Study Material for IAS (UPSC) : General Studies PRE Cum MAINS

Courtesy: UPSC