Union Public Service Commission
SYLLABI FOR THE EXAMINATION
Essay: Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject
of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion and to write concisely.
Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.
English Comprehension & English Precis will be to test the English
language Comprehension and English précis writing skills (at 10th standard
General Studies- I: Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of
the World and Society.
- Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature
and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
- Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century
until the present- significant events, personalities, issues
- The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributors
/contributions from different parts of the country.
- Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
- History of the world will include events from 18th century such as
industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries,
colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism,
capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
- Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
- Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated
issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and
- Effects of globalization on Indian society
- Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
- Salient features of world’s physical geography.
- Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South
Asia and the Indian subcontinent); factors
responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector
industries in various parts of the world
- Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic
activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and
their location- changes in critical geographical features (including
waterbodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna
and the effects of such changes.
General Studies- II: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice
and International relations.
- Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features,
amendments, significant provisions and basic
- Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and
challenges pertaining to the federal structure,
devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
- Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms
- Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other
- Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, conduct of
business, powers & privileges and issues arising
out of these.
- Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the
Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the
Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role
in the Polity.
- Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
- Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and
responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
- Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors
and issues arising out of their design and
- Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs,
SHGs, various groups and associations, donors,
charities, institutional and other stakeholders
Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population
by the Centre and States and the performance of
these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the
protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
- Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services
relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
- Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
- Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability,
e-governance- applications, models, successes,
limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability
and institutional and other measures.
- Role of civil services in a democracy.
- India and its neighborhood- relations.
- Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India
and/or affecting India’s interests
- Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on
India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
- Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their
General Studies-III: Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity,
Environment, Security and Disaster Management.
- Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of
resources, growth, development and employment.
- Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
- Government Budgeting.
- Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different
types of irrigation and irrigation systems
storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and
related constraints; e-technology in the aid of
- Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support
prices; Public Distribution System- objectives,
functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food
security; Technology missions; economics of
- Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance,
location, upstream and downstream requirements,
supply chain management.
- Land reforms in India.
- Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy
and their effects on industrial growth.
- Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
- Investment models.
- Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects
in everyday life
- Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of
technology and developing new technology.
- Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics,
nano-technology, bio-technology and issues
relating to intellectual property rights.
- Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental
- Disaster and disaster management.
- Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
- Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to
- Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of
media and social networking sites in internal
security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its
- Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of
organized crime with terrorism
- Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate
General Studies- IV: Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude
This paper will include questions to test the candidates' attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered.
Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and
consequences of Ethics in human actions;
dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human
Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of
great leaders, reformers and administrators; role
of family, society and educational institutions in
Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and
relation with thought and behaviour; moral and
political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
- Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity,
impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity,
dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the
- Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in
administration and governance.
- Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public
administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns
and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules,
regulations and conscience as sources of ethical
guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of
ethical and moral values in governance; ethical
issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
Probity in Governance: Concept of public service;
Philosophical basis of governance and probity;
Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information,
Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s
Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of
public funds, challenges of corruption.
- Case Studies on above issues.
PAPER-VI & PAPER VII
Optional Subject Papers I & II
Candidates may choose any optional subject from amongst the
list of subjects given in para 2 (Group 1). However,
if a candidate has graduated in any of the literatures of languages indicated in
Group-2 , with the literature
as the main subject, then the candidate can also opt for that particular
literature subject as an optional subject.