(Download) Old NCERT PDF : Ancient India by Makkhan Lal (M.LAL)

(Download) Old NCERT PDF : Ancient India by Makkhan Lal

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  • OLD NCERT BOOK NAME : Ancient India by Makkhan Lal
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Table of Contents :

FOREWORD 
LIST OF MAPS AND ILLUSTRATIONS 

Chapter 1

  • THE STUDY OF INDIAN HISTORY

Chapter 2

  • ANCIENT INDIAN HISTORY WRITING
  • Indian Tradition of History Writing - Early Foreigners Christian Missionaries and Enlightenment-Imperialist Historiography - Nationalist Approach-Marxist School of History - Multi-Disciplinary Approach 

Chapter 3

  • THE SOURCES OF ANCIENT INDIAN HISTORY
  • Literary Sources-Foreign Accounts-Archaeological Sources-Archaeological, Monuments, Excavations and Explorations

Chapter 4

  • THE GEOGRAPHICAL BACKGROUND OF INDIAN HISTORY 
  • The Himalayas-Indo-Gangetic-Brahmaputra Plain-The Deccan Plateau and Central India-Climate-The Geography of India as Described in Ancient Indian Literature-Influences of Geography on Indian History 

Chapter 5

  • THE STONE AGE CULTURES 
  • Introduction-Age of the Earth-Early Humans-Earliest Palaeolithic Tools-Palacolithic Cultures-Mesolithic Culture-Prehistoric Rock Art 

Chapter 6

  • THE NEOLITHIC AGE: THE BEGINNING OF SETTLED LIFE 

Chapter 7

  • THE CHALCOLITHIC CULTURES OP INDIA
  • Trade and Commerce-Religious Beliefs-Technology Copper Hoard Culture-OCP Culture 

Chapter 8

  • THE HARAPPAN CIVILIZATION
  • Town Planning Materials Used in Buildings-Types of Buildings-Public Buildings-Streets and Drains-Crafts and Industries-Trade and Commerce-Weights and Measures-Transport and Travel-Agriculture-ArtsScript-Religion-Social Stratification and Political SetupDisposal of the Dead-Chronology-Decline-Late Harappan Cultures

Chapter 9

  • THE VEDIC CIVILIZATION
  • The Vedas - The Brahmanas-Aranyakas and Upanishads Authorship of the Vedic Literature-Age of Rig Veda-Rig Vedic Geography-Rig Vedic States-Polity and Administration Society-Education-Food and DrinksEconomic Life-Religion and Philosophy-The Question of the Aryan Invasion-Harappan Civilization and the Rigveda

Chapter 10

  • THE LATER VEDIC AGE
  • Geography and the New Political States-Polity and Administration Social System-Economic Life-EducationReligion and Philosophy-Science and Technology 

Chapter 11

  • FRUITION OF INDIAN PHILOSOPHY
  • aisesika-Nyay-Samkhya-Yoga-Mimamsa-Vedanta 

Chapter 12

  • THE EVOLUTION OF JANISM AND BUDDHISM
  • Jainism-Buddhism 

Chapter 13

  • MAHAJANAPADAS TO NANDAS
  • Mahajanapadas-The Rise of Magadha-Sisunaga-Nanda Dynasty-Foreign Invasions-Persian Conquest of Indian Borderland-Alexander's Campaign-Alexander's RetreatImpact of Alexander's 

Chapter 14

  • Campaign THE MAURYAS
  • Chandragupta Maurya-Bindusara-Ashoka-Kalinga War and Its Impact-Ashoka's Dhamma-Ashoka's Place in History-Decline of the Mauryan Empire-Polity and Administration-City Administration Society and Culture-Economy-Art and Architecture 

Chapter 15

  • THE AGE OF SUNGAS AND SATVAHANAS
  • The Meghavahanas of Kalinga-Some Tribal Republics Satavahanas of Deccan-The Epoch of Foreign InvadersThe Indo-Greeks-The Parthians-The Sakas-The Kushanas 

Chapter 16

  • THE EARLY HISTORY OF Sorts INDIA
  • The Megalithic Phase in South India-The Early History - Cholas-Pandyas-Cheras

Chapter 17

  • SOCIETY, ECONOMY AND CULTURE DURING THE SUNGAS AND THE SATVAHANAS 
  • Language and Literature-Sangam Literature Social Conditions-Family Life-Religions-Buddhism-JainismVedic Religion-Economic Condition-Art and Architecture Sculpture-Science and Technology-India and her relation with outside World 

Chapter 18

  • IND FROM THE GUPTAS TO HARSHA
  • Emergence of the Guptas-Samudragupta Chandragupta Il-Kumaragupta II-Skandagupta Decline of the Guptas-North India after the Guptas Harsha-Deccan and South India 

Chapter 19

  • SOCIETY, ECONOMY AND CULTURE FROM THE GUPTAS TO HARSHA
  • Polity and Administration
  • Language and Literature
  • Tamil Literature-Foreign
  • Accounts-Economic
  • Condition Religions-Buddhism-Jainism-Hinduism-Vaishnavism
  • Saivism-Art and Architecture-Sculptures-Paintings
  • Science and Technology-Astronomy-MedicineMetallurgy 

Chapter 20

  • INDIA AFTER HARSHA
  • Gurjara Pratiharas-Palas-RashtrakutasTripartite Struggle

Chapter 21

  • THE HISTORY OF KAMARUPA SOCIETY AND CULTURE IN THE POST HARSHA PERIOD 

Chapter 22

  • SOCIETY AND CULTURE IN THE POST HARSHA PERIOD 
  • Language and Literature Society-Economic Life-Religion and Philosophy-Education-Art and Architecture 

Chapter 23

  • CULTURAL INTERACTIONS WITH THE OUTSIDE WORLD WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO SOUTH EAST ASIA
  • Central Asia and China-Sri Lanka-Mayanmar-South East Asia-Art and Architecture

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