UPSC Mains Exam Syllabus : ( Public
PAPER – I
1. Introduction: Meaning, scope and
significance of Public Administration; Wilson’s vision of Public Administration;
Evolution of the discipline and its present status; New Public Administration;
Public Choice approach; Challenges of liberalization, Privatisation,
Globalisation; Good Governance: concept and application; New Public Management.
2. Administrative Thought: Scientific
Management and Scientific Management movement; Classical Theory; Weber’s
bureaucratic model – its critique and post-Weberian Developments; Dynamic
Administration (Mary Parker Follett); Human Relations School (Elton Mayo
and others); Functions of the Executive (C.I.
Barnard); Simon’s decision-making theory; Participative Management (R. Likert,
C. Argyris, D. McGregor).
3. Administrative Behaviour: Process and
techniques of decision-making; Communication; Morale; Motivation Theories –
content, process and contemporary;
Theories of Leadership: Traditional and Modern.
4. Organisations: Theories – systems,
contingency; Structure and forms: Ministries and Departments, Corporations,
Companies, Boards and Commissions; Ad hoc and advisory bodies; Headquarters and
Field relationships; Regulatory Authorities; Public - Private Partnerships.
5. Accountability and control: Concepts
of accountability and control; Legislative, Executive and Judicial control over
administration; Citizen and Administration;
Role of media, interest groups, voluntary organizations; Civil society;Citizen’s
Charters; Right to Information;Social audit.
6. Administrative Law: Meaning, scope and
significance; Dicey on Administrative law; Delegated legislation; Administrative
7. Comparative Public Administration:
Historical and sociological factors affecting administrative systems;
Administration and politics in different countries; Current status of
Comparative Public Administration; Ecology and administration; Riggsian models
and their critique.
8. Development Dynamics: Concept of
development; Changing profile of development administration; ‘Antidevelopment
thesis’; Bureaucracy and development; Strong state versus the market debate;
Impact of liberalisation on administration in developing countries; Women and
development - the self-help group movement.
9. Personnel Administration: Importance
of human resource development; Recruitment, training, career advancement,
position classification, discipline, performance appraisal, promotion, pay and
service conditions; employer-employee relations, grievance redressal mechanism;
Code of conduct; Administrative ethics.
10. Public Policy: Models of
policy-making and their critique; Processes of conceptualisation, planning,
implementation, monitoring, evaluation and review and their limitations; State
theories and public policy formulation.
11. Techniques of Administrative Improvement:
Organisation and methods, Work study and work management; e-governance and
information technology; Management aid tools like network analysis, MIS, PERT,
12. Financial Administration: Monetary
and fiscal policies; Public borrowings and public debt Budgets - types and
forms; Budgetary process; Financial accountability; Accounts and audit.
PAPER - II
1. Evolution of Indian Administration:
Kautilya’s Arthashastra; Mughal administration; Legacy of British rule in
politics and administration - Indianization of public services, revenue
administration, district administration, local self-government.
2. Philosophical and Constitutional framework of
government: Salient features and value premises;
Constitutionalism; Political culture; Bureaucracy and democracy; Bureaucracy and
3. Public Sector Undertakings: Public
sector in modern India; Forms of Public Sector Undertakings; Problems of
autonomy, accountability and control; Impact of liberalization and
4. Union Government and Administration:
Executive, Parliament, Judiciary - structure, functions, work processes; Recent
trends; Intragovernmental relations; Cabinet Secretariat; Prime Minister’s
Office; Central Secretariat; Ministries and Departments; Boards; Commissions;
Attached offices; Field organizations.
5. Plans and Priorities: Machinery of
planning; Role, composition and functions of the Planning Commission and the
National Development Council; ‘Indicative’ planning; Process of plan formulation
at Union and State levels; Constitutional Amendments (1992) and decentralized
planning for economic development and social justice.
6. State Government and Administration:
Union-State administrative, legislative and financial relations; Role of
the Finance Commission; Governor; Chief Minister; Council of Ministers; Chief
Secretary; State Secretariat; Directorates.
7. District Administration since Independence:
Changing role of the Collector; Unionstate- local relations; Imperatives of
development management and law and order administration; District administration
and democratic decentralization.
8. Civil Services: Constitutional
position; Structure, recruitment, training and capacity-building; Good
governance initiatives; Code of conduct and discipline; Staff associations;
Political rights; Grievance redressal mechanism; Civil service neutrality; Civil
9. Financial Management: Budget as a
political instrument; Parliamentary control of public expenditure; Role of
finance ministry in monetary and fiscal area; Accounting techniques;
Audit; Role of Controller General of Accounts and Comptroller and Auditor
General of India.
10. Administrative Reforms since Independence:
Major concerns; Important Committees and Commissions; Reforms in financial
management and human resource development; Problems of implementation.
11. Rural Development: Institutions and
agencies since independence; Rural development programmes: foci and strategies;
Decentralization and Panchayati Raj; 73rd Constitutional amendment.
12. Urban Local Government: Municipal
governance: main features, structures, finance and problem areas; 74th
Constitutional Amendment; Globallocal debate; New localism; Development
dynamics, politics and administration with special reference to city management.
13. Law and Order Administration: British
legacy; National Police Commission; Investigative agencies; Role of central and
state agencies including paramilitary forces in maintenance of law and order and
countering insurgency and terrorism; Criminalisation of politics and
administration; Police- public relations; Reforms in Police.
14. Significant issues in Indian Administration:
Values in public service; Regulatory Commissions; National Human Rights
Commission; Problems of administration in coalition regimes;
Citizen-administration interface; Corruption and administration; Disaster