UPSC Mains Exam Syllabus - Punjabi Optional
(Answers must be written in Punjabi in
(a) Origin of Punjabi language : different
stages of development and recent development
in Punjabi language : characteristics of
Punjabi phonology and the study of its tones:
classification of vowels and consonants.
(b) Punjabi morphology : the number-gender
system (animate and inanimate), prefixes,
affixes and different categories of Post
positions: Punjabi word formation: Tatsam.
Tad Bhav, forms: Sentence structure, the
notion of subject and object in Punjabi:
Noun and verb phrases.
(c) Language and dialect; the notions of
dialect and idiolect; major dialects of
Punjabi; Pothohari, Majhi, Doabi, Malwai,
Puadhi; the validity of speech variation on
the basis of social stratification, the distinctive
features of various dialects with special
reference to tones. Language and script;
origin and development of Gurmukhi; suitability
of Gurmukhi for Punjabi.
(d) Classical background; Nath Jogi Sahit
Medieval literature : Gurmat, Sufti, Kissa
and Var Janamsakhis.
(a) Modern Mystic, romantic, progressive
Trends and neomystic (Vir Singh,
Puran Singh, Mohan Singh,
Amrita Pritam, Bawa Balwant,
Pritam Singh Safeer, J.S.
Experimentalist (Jasbir Singh
Ahluwalia, Ravinder Ravi,
Aesthetes (Harbhajan Singh,
Origin and Development of Genres :
(b) Folk Folk songs, Folk tales. Riddles,
Epic (Vir Singh, Avtar Singh, Azad
Lyric (Gurus, Sufis and Modern Lyricists-
Mohan Singh Amrita
Pritam, Shiv Kumar,
(c) Drama (I.C. Nanda, Harcharan Singh,
Balwant Gargi, S.S.Sekhon,
Charan Das Sidhu)
Novel (Vir Singh, Nanak Singh,
Jaswant Singh Kanwal, K.S.
Duggal, Sukhbir, Gurdial
Singh, Dalip Kaur Tiwana,
Short Story (Sujan Singh, K.S. Virk. Prem
Parkash, Waryam Sandhu).
(d) Socio- Sanskrit, Persian and Western.
Essay (Puran Singh, Teja Singh,
Literary (S.S. Sekhon, Attar Singh,
Criticism Kishan Singh, Harbhajan
Singh, Najam Hussain
(Answers must be written in Punjabi
in Gurumukhi Script)
This paper will require first-hand reading
of the texts prescribed and will be designed
to test the candidate’s critical ability.
a) Sheikh Farid The complete Bani as included
in the Adi Granth.
b) Guru Nanak Japu Ji Baramah, Asa di
c) Bulleh Shah Kafian
d) Waris Shah Heer
a) Shah Jangnama (Jang
Mohammad Singhan te Firangian)
Dhani Ram Chandan Vari
Chatrik (Poet) Sufi Khana
b) Nanak Singh Chitta Lahu
(Novelist) Pavittar Papi
Ek Mian Do Talwaran
c) Gurbaksh Zindagi di Ras
Singh (Essayist) Nawan Shivala
Merian Abhul Yadaan.
Balraj Sahni Mera Roosi Safarnama
(Travelogue) Mera Pakistani
d) Balwant Gargi Loha Kutt
Sant Singh Sahityarth
Sekhon (Critic) Parsidh Punjabi Kavi
Punjabi Kav Shiromani.