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Strategy and Booklist Anthropology Optional (Paper-2) for UPSC Mains


Strategy and Booklist Anthropology Optional (Paper-2) for UPSC Mains


  • This is the 2nd article in anthropology series ,please go through the first article before going through this article to get maximum benefit.

  • In paper 2 current affairs play an important role in enriching the answer especially in tribal parts and caste system part of the syllabus.

  • In tribal part case study need to be quoted in answer to get descent marks.

  • You  should ideally notedown the case study while reading newspaper whenever you come across any case study for example –Mankidia tribes are denied habitat right in simplipal tiger reserve (The Hindu Newspaper).

  • Further XAXA report on tribes is also greatly helpful for case study.

  • There are few topics in this paper which do not have any specific study material in the market, so you need to search on internet and prepare short notes.

  • In archaeology part of the syllabus use of diagram is must with map of the archaeological sites. Diagram and map fetch good marks.

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Booklist

S.no

                                                 Syllabus

Reference

1

1.1 Evolution of the Indian Culture and Civilization:

  • Prehistoric (Paleolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic and Neolithic – Chalcolithic).

  • Protohistoric (Indus Civilization):

  • Pre- Harappan, Harappan & Post- Harappan cultures.

  • Contributions of tribal cultures to Indian civilization

Indian Anthropology by Nadeen hasnain

2

1.2 Palaeo – Anthropological evidences from India with special reference to Siwaliks and Narmada basin (Ramapithecus, Sivapithecus & Narmada Man).

 

Brain tree

3

1.3 Ethno-archaeology in India:

  • The concept of ethno-archaeology;

  • Survivals and Parallels among the hunting, foraging, fishing, pastoral & peasant communities

  • Including arts and crafts producing communities

Brain tree

4

2. Demographic profile of India:

  • Ethnic and linguistic elements in the Indian population and their distribution.

  • Indian population – factors influencing its structure & growth..

Indian Anthropology by Nadeen hasnain

5

3.1 The structure and nature of traditional Indian Social System:

  • Varnashram,

  • Purushartha,

  • Karma,

  • Rina &

  • Rebirth.

Indian Anthropology by Nadeen hasnain

6

3.2 Caste system in India:

  • Structure and characteristics,

  • Varna and caste,

  • Theories of origin of caste system,

  • Dominant caste,

  • Caste mobility,

  • Future of caste system, Jajmani system, Tribe- caste continuum..



 

Indian Social system by Ram Ahuja,

Indian Anthropology by Nadeen hasnain

7

3.3 Sacred Complex & Nature- Man- Spirit Complex

Indian Anthropology by Nadeen hasnain

8

3.4 Impact of - Buddhism, Jainism, Islam and Christianity on Indian society.

Indian Anthropology by Nadeen hasnain

9

4. Emergence and growth of anthropology in India:

  • Contributions of the 18th, 19th and early 20th Century scholar-administrators.

  • Contributions of Indian anthropologists to tribal and caste studies.

Indian Anthropology by Nadeen hasnain

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10


5.1 Indian Village:

  • Significance of village study in India;

  • Indian village as a social system;

  • Traditional and changing patterns of settlement and inter-caste relations;

  • Agrarian relations in Indian villages;

  • Impact of globalization on Indian villages

Indian Anthropology by Nadeen hasnain

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11

5.2 Linguistic and Religious minorities and their Social, Political & Economic status

Indian Anthropology by Nadeen hasnain

12

5.3 Indigenous and exogenous processes of socio-cultural change in Indian society:

  • Sanskritization, Westernization, Modernization;

  • Inter-play of little and great traditions;

  • Panchayati raj and social change;

  • Media and social change.

Indian Anthropology by Nadeen hasnain

Indian Social system by Ram Ahuja

13

6.1 Tribal situation in India:

  • Bio-genetic variability,

  • Linguistic & Socio-economic characteristics of tribal populations & their distribution

Indian Anthropology by Nadeen hasnain

14

6.2 Problems of the tribal Communities:

  • Land alienation,

  • Poverty,

  • Indebtedness,

  • Low literacy,

  • Poor educational facilities,

  • Unemployment & Underemployment,

  • Health and nutrition.

1.Tribal India by Nadeem Hasnain
2. Xaxa committee report

3.Internet for case study

15

6.3 Developmental projects and their impact on tribal Displacement and problems of Rehabilitation:

  • Development of forest policy and Tribals.

  • Impact of Urbanization and Industrialization on tribal populations.
     

1.Tribal India by Nadeem Hasnain
2. Xaxa committee report

3.Internet for case study

16

7.1 Problems of Exploitation and Deprivation of S.C’s, S.T’s and O.B.C’s:

  • Constitutional safeguards for S.C’s and S.T’s


 

1. Tribal India by Nadeem Hasnain
2. Internet for case studies
3. Lakshmikanth Indian polity

 

 

17

 

7.2 Social Change and Contemporary Tribal societies;

  • Impact of modern democratic institutions;

  • Development programmes and welfare measures on Tribals and weaker sections


 
 

1.Tribal India by Nadeem Hasnain
2. Xaxa committee report

3.Internet for case study

18

7.3 The Concept of Ethnicity:

  • Ethnic conflicts and political developments;

  • Unrest among tribal communities;

  • Regionalism and demand for autonomy;

  • Pseudo-tribalism;

  • Social change among the tribes during colonial and post-Independent India.

1.Tribal India by Nadeem Hasnain

2.Internet for case study

19

8.1 Impact of Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam and other religions on tribal societies

Tribal India by Nadeem Hasnain

20

8.2 Tribe & Nation state-comparative study of tribal communities in India & other countries.

 

Internet search

21

9.1 History of administration of tribal areas:

  • Tribal policies, plans, Programmes of tribal development and their implementation.

  • The concept of Primitive Tribal Groups, their distribution, special programmes for their development.

  • Role of N.G.O.s in tribal development.

1.Ministry of Tribal Annual report.

2.Tribal India by Nadeem Hasnain
3. Xaxa committee report


 

22

9.2 Role of Anthropology in Tribal and Rural Development.

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9.3 Contributions of Anthropology to the Understanding of Regionalism, Communalism, & Ethnic and Political Movements

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