(Getting Started) Step By Step Guidance on How To Read and Write For Public Administration Mains Examination

Getting Started for Public Administration Mains

Step By Step Guidance on How To Read and Write For Public Administration Mains Examination

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Dear Candidates,

The secret to success in Public Administration lies in writing practice and focused reading. Without this, it is not possible to score fair marks in this optional and writing practice and focused reading under an expert guidance contribute in securing high marks. It is the strategy that makes the difference between 260 marks and 360 marks.

The whole syllabus of public administration is just based on few basic concepts and these move as an undercurrent to the subject. One has to decipher them and try to establish their linkages with all the topics .

There are certain ways to crack the questions

1. Recognise the context of question- It may be…..

Parliamentary vs Presidential Government

Fact vs Value Debate

Informal vs Formal Organisation etc.

2. Recognise the Statement Giver- This way you can….

….Guardians of traditions…… - Paul Pigors

….moral act and moral agent…. – Ordway Tead

……various kinds of theories have grown around…. – Peter Self

….discipline is in jeopardy ,order disturbed and stability threatened…. –Henri Fayol

…..quasi-federal…. – K C Wheare

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3. Recognise the key words of question-

Question-“In a hierarchy every employee tends to rise his level of incompetence.” Comment.

It is Peter Principal (Statement Giver) and the context of the question is Training (level of incompetence requires an employee to be trained) and key words are hierarchy, employee, level of incompetence. Make an interlinkages of all these three words and start writing your answer.

  1. Explain the meaning of all keywords of your question.
  2. Explain correlation of keyword with the understanding of entire sentence.

4. Analyse your answer- In the light of following concepts

  1. (Administrative) Structure
  2. (Administrative) Process
  3. (Administrative) Behaviour
  4. (Administrative or Others) Ecological Frameworks

Gist of Important Articles from Indian Journal of Public Administration (Collection of Last 25 years)

5. Go for Linkages –

Meaning of ‘Linkages’ in Public Administration

As we all know Public Administration is most interdisciplinary among all social sciences as a result it is highly dynamic and analytical.

Linkages are very important in the context of Public Administration. Since Public Administration is highly analytical, ‘Linkages’ mean thrust should be on applying the related concepts of Paper I in Paper I and II and ; related concepts of Paper II in Paper II and I. It is also known as ‘Concept of Overlappings’.

In comments section you have required to form linkages from three to four topics , in 30 marks question five to six topics and in 60 marks question eight to nine topics. This one is key for getting high marks in Public Administration.

Question-“In a hierarchy every employee tends to rise his level of incompetence.” Comment.(20 Marks)


  1. Training and Employee
  2. Training and Hierarchy
  3. Training and level of incompetence
  4. Training and Promotion

Question-Elaborate the World Bank’s Concept of Good Governance.(30 Marks)


  1. Good Governance and Kautilya
  2. Good Governance and Parliamentary Democracy
  3. Good Governance and Human Rights
  4. Good Governance and E-Governance
  5. Good Governance and Civil Society
  6. Good Governance and Public Service

Question-Democracy and good governance are contradictions in terms. Discuss with examples.(60 Marks)


  1. Good Governance and Misgovernance
  2. Good Governance and Rule of Law
  3. Good Governance and Responsible Democracy
  4. Good Governance and good government of society
  5. Good Governance and Sustainable Environment
  6. Good Governance and Transparency
  7. Good Governance and Decentralization
  8. Good Governance and Education for All

The search for good governance is an endless one. In today’s complex world , government alone is not capable of coping with myriad problems. Democracy is most popular form of the government although it was never method of governance which was ever regarded as Good.

Click Here For Gist of Important National Administrative Committees Report

6. Update your answer with latest developments of Seminars/Conferences related to Public Administration, enrich your answers with the administrative committees reports –National and International and Journals of Indian Institute of Public Administration (IIPA).

7. Use Diagram in your answer- It should be explained as per the requirements of the question.


  • Practice a lot of tests from anywhere you get.
  • Identify the weak areas and focus accordingly.
  • Make a note of the mistakes that you make in the tests or interactive session and try to rectify them.
  • The examiner only expects you to write a simple logical answer with clarity.
  • Do not give long introduction this may lead to loss of focus and attraction of the examiner.The first sentence should have direct bearing of the question or statement. This is the sentence which contains context and key words both with statement-giver.
  • Before suggesting any cure take administrative feasibility test of your suggestion.
  • Write answers like brilliant graduate and not like a confused philosopher.
  • Always complete your answer with conclusion howsoever small or big you may write. Even if you have little time conclude smartly.

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