trainee5's blog

(GIST OF YOJANA) PM’s address to the Nation on the 74th Independence Day

(GIST OF YOJANA) PM’s address to the Nation on the 74th Independence Day

[September-2020]

PM’s address to the Nation on the 74th Independence Day

Key Highlights:

  • Independence Day reignites new fervour, exuberance and enthusiasm. And in times like now, it becomes even more imperative for us to be determined.
  • India’s freedom struggle inspired the entire world. The idea of expansionism left some countries enslaved. Even in the midst of fierce wars, India did not allow its freedom movement to suffer.
  • In this extraordinary time. Corona warriors have lived the mantra of ‘Seva Panno Dhamia’. Our doctors, nurses, paramedical staff, ambulance personnel, safai karmacharis, policemen, service personnel and many people are working round the clock continuously.
  • Amid Covid pandemic, 130 crore Indians took the resolve to be self-reliant, and ‘Aatmanirbhar Bharat’ is on the mind of India. This dream is turning into a pledge. Aatmanirbhar Bharat has become a ‘mantra’ for the 130 crore Indians today.
  • Today, the whole world is inter-connected anil inter-dependent. It’s time for India to play an important role in the global economy. For this, India has to become self-reliant. From agriculture, space to healthcare. India is taking several steps to build Atma Nirbhar Bharat.
  • Measures, like, opening up the space sector will generate many new employment opportunities for youth and provide further avenues to enhance their skills and potential.
  • Only a few months ago, we used to import N-95 masks, PPE kits, and ventilators from abroad. We not only made N-95 masks, PPE kits and ventilators during the pandemic, but were able to export these to all over the world.
  • Apart from ‘Make in India’, we must also embrace the mantra of ‘Make for World’. When Corona started, there was only one lab for Corona Testing in our country. Today there are more than 1,400 labs in the country.
  • National Infrastructure pipeline project worth Rs 1 10 lakh crore will boost our overall infrastructure projects. About 7,000 projects of different sectors have also been identified. It will bring a new revolution in infrastructure sector.
  • FDI inflow has broken all records. India witnessed 18% jump in FDI even during the Covid pandemic.
  • Money is directly transferred in the Jan Dhan accounts of the poor in the country. APMC Act has been brought in for the benefit of farmers.
  • One Nation-One Ration Card, One Nation - One Tax, Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code and Merger of Banks is the reality of the country today.
  • Women empowerment- Navy and Air Force are taking women in combat, women are now leaders, and we abolished triple talaq, got sanitary pads for women for just 1 rupee.
  • SamarthyamooI Swatantiyam, Slvammulam Vaihhavant- The strength of a society, the freedom of any nation is its power, and the source of its prosperity and progress is its labour force.
  • Around 7 crore poor families were given free gas cylinders, more than 80 crore people were provided free food with or without ration cards, about 90 thousand crores were directly transferred to bank accounts.
  • Gharib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyan has also been started to provide employment to poor in their villages.
  • The campaign for Vocal for Local, Re-Skill and Up-Skill will bring about a self-reliant economy in the lives of people living below the poverty line.
  • By choosing more than 110 aspirational districts, special efforts are being made there so that the people get better education, better health facilities, and better employment opportunities.
  • Self-reliant India has an important priority - self-sufficient agriculture and sell-reliant farmers.
  • To provide modem infrastructure to the farmers of the country, ‘Agriculture Infrastructure Fund’ of Rs 1 lakh crore has been created.
  • Under the mission of Jal Jeevan, every day more than one lakh houses are getting water connection.
  • The middle class will be the biggest beneficiaries of ‘Ease of Living’; from cheap internet to economical air tickets, highways to i-ways, and from affordable housing to tax reduction.
  • This is also the first time when the EMI of a home loan for your home is getting a rebate of up to 6 lakh rupees during the payment period. A fund of 25 thousand crore rupees has been established to complete thousands of incomplete houses.
  • Education of the country has great importance in building self-reliant India, in building modern India, in building new India, in building prosperous India. With this thinking, the country has got a new National Education Policy.
  • Digital India- In Corona’s time, we have seen what the role of Digital India campaign has been. Just last month, almost 3 lakh crore rupees have been transacted from BHIM UPI alone.
  • Before 2014, only 5 dozen panchayats in the country were connected with optical fiber. In the last five years, 1.5 lakh gram panchayats in the country have been connected with optical fiber. All 6 lakh villages in the country will be connected with optical fiber within coming 1000 days.
  • National Digital Health Mission- Every Indian will be given a health ID. National Digital Health Mission will bring a new revolution in India’s health sector. All your tests, every disease, which doctor gave you which medicine, when, what were your reports, all these information will be contained in this one health ID.
  • Today, three vaccines of Corona are currently under testing phase in India. As soon as the green signal is received from the scientists, the country’s preparation is also ready for mass production of those vaccines.
  • This year is the year of a new development journey of Jammu and Kashmir. This year is the year of rights for women and Dalits in Jammu and Kashmir! It is also a year of the dignified life of refugees in Jammu and Kashmir. It is a matter of pride for all of us that the representatives of the local bodies in Jammu and Kashmir are pushing forward a new era of development with activism and sensitivity.
  • By making Ladakh a Union Territory last year, the old demand of its people has been met. Ladakh, situated in the heights of the Himalayas, is moving forward today to touch new heights of development. Just as Sikkim has made its mark as an Organic State, in the coming days, Ladakh, will make its identity as a carbon neutral region, work is also being done in this direction.
  • India is fully sensitive to the preservation and promotion of its biodiversity. In the recent past, the tiger population has increased at a rapid pace in the country! Now a project lion for our Asiatic lions is also going to be started in the country. Similarly, Project Dolphin will also be launched.
  • Respect for India’s sovereignty is supreme for us. What our brave soldiers can do for this resolution, what the country can do, the world has seen this in Ladakh.
  • A quarter of the world’s population lives in South Asia. We can create untold possibilities of development and prosperity of such a large population with cooperation and participation.
  • Our border and coastal infrastructure also have a huge role in the security of the country hence there is an unprecedented expansion of road and internet connectivity in the country.
  • There are more than 1300 islands in our country. In view of their geographical location, considering their importance in the development of the country, work is underway to start new development schemes in some of these selected islands.
  • After Andaman and Nicobar Islands, in the next 1000 days, Lakshadweep will also be connected to submarine optical fiber cable.

CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD FULL PDF

CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD UPSC E-BOOKS

Study Material for UPSC General Studies Pre Cum Mains

Get The Gist 1 Year Subscription Online

Click Here to Download More Free Sample Material

<<Go Back To Main Page

Courtesy: Yojana

(Sucess Story) Clearing UPSC With Mathematics Optional By Om Kant Thakur AIR-52



(Sucess Story) Clearing UPSC With Mathematics Optional By Om Kant Thakur AIR-52



Mayur Khandelwal secured the coveted 106 all India rank in UPSC 2019. This was his 3rd attempt and Mayur was quite certain after his mains and interview that he would be joining the rank of IPS. Once the results were out, he still went into a bit of a shock with joy that his prediction did come true. In fact, he did not allow his parents to tell anyone before the results were properly uploaded on the website a second time. Today he is looking forward to joining the Indian Police Services.

Why Mathematics as an Optional?

Mayur chose maths optional because of the certainty. He believes anyone with some interest in Mathematics should opt for this subject. Because Mathematics is the only subject where practice will most definitely take you scores high up. Even though the syllabus is vast, the certainty is enough to make up for the effort. Mayur could tell right after his optional exam that he was going to get through his mains stage and reach interviews. That amount of surety cannot be ascertained for a humanities subject.

How Did He Ensure Selection This Time?

Mayur admits that it was his lack of writing practice that prevented him from clearing the mains last time. He scored well enough in his optional but writing is what failed him. So this time, he concentrated on practicing answer writing, with special emphasis on Essays and Ethics. As most selected candidates usually score similarly on the General Studies papers, it is the Essays, Ethics, and Optional paper that makes them toppers. His target was to increase about 70 marks overall in his mains.

Sources

AIR-1, UPSC 2018, Was Also A Mathematics Optional Candidate

Mayur followed the most common sources for his preparation. For Polity, he preferred Laxmikanth and it is enough for any aspirant. He revised it 7 to 8 times and emphasizes that revision is key. For History, he followed Lucent for Ancient and Medieval, and Spectrum, along with self-made notes on Independence movement leaders, for Modern. For Geography he read NCERT books from 6-10th class and made short notes, and then the 11th books multiple times, followed by G.C. Leong. He also noted lakes, islands, and other landmarks in different states. He used the internet to make a lot of short notes as per the upsc syllabus. Prelims are pretty heavy on Modern History and Polity and Mayur encourages everyone to read the sources multiple times.

Remaining Stress-Free Is The Key To Success

Mayur insists that trusting yourself and not worrying about things that are beyond his control is what allowed him to succeed in this exam. For example, during prelims, the paper UPSC sets can be highly unpredictable. Very few aspirants can answer more than 50-60 questions with 100% surety. The rest of it is done by option elimination and informed guesswork. Until and unless you can calmly allow your mind to work with the information you have read throughout the year, chances are that you will not get them right. So, it is important to be stress-free and well-rested before the exam.

Message For Aspirants

1(c) LINEAR TRANSFORMATION PROBLEM | UPSC MAINS 2019 | MATHS OPTIONAL -  YouTube

Mayur Has Been Teaching Maths For Sometime

Don’t let the guilt of failure get you. As long as you keep trying with a 100% effort, your effort is worth it. Failure is a part of achieving your dreams. You may take 5 attempts to get your success, but as long as you do it honestly, the country would have gained a good officer.

CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD UPSC TOPPERS NOTES

UPSC Exam Complete Study Materials

Online Coaching for IAS PRELIMS Exam

<<Go Back To Main Page

(E-Book) KURUKSHETRA MAGAZINE PDF - NOV 2020

 (E-Book) KURUKSHETRA MAGAZINE PDF - NOV 2020

  • Medium: ENGLISH
  • E-BOOK NAME : KUKSHETRA MAGAZINE PDF -NOV 2020
  • Total Pages: 76
  • PRICE: 49/- FREE/- (only for few days)
  • Hosting Charges: NIL
  • File Type: PDF File Download Link via Email

Click Here to Download PDF

Related E-Books:

(E-Book) YOJANA MAGAZINE HINDI PDF - NOV 2020 (HINDI)

 (E-Book) YOJANA MAGAZINE PDF - NOV 2020 (HINDI)

  • Medium: Hindi
  • E-BOOK NAME : YOJANA MAGAZINE PDF -NOV 2020
  • Total Pages: 72
  • PRICE: 49/- FREE/- (only for few days)
  • Hosting Charges: NIL
  • File Type: PDF File Download Link via Email

Click Here to Download PDF

Related E-Books:

(E-Book) YOJANA MAGAZINE PDF - NOV 2020

 (E-Book) YOJANA MAGAZINE PDF - NOV 2020

  • Medium: ENGLISH
  • E-BOOK NAME : YOJANA MAGAZINE PDF -NOV 2020
  • Total Pages: 70
  • PRICE: 49/- FREE/- (only for few days)
  • Hosting Charges: NIL
  • File Type: PDF File Download Link via Email

Click Here to Download PDF

Related E-Books:

(Getting Started) One Year Plan To Crack UPSC By AIR-51 Ananya Singh



(Getting Started) One Year Plan To Crack UPSC By AIR-51 Ananya Singh



Ananya Singh has secured an all India rank of 51 in the UPSC Civil Services Examination 2019. She is an Economics Graduate from Lady Shri Ram College under Delhi University and hails from the city of Allahabad. She started her full-fledged preparation for UPSC in May of 2018. 

 

Ananya’s Book List

  • History
  • Art And Culture – Selective chapters from Nitin Singhania, Vision IAS Notes
  • Polity – Laxmikanth, Current Affairs Notes
  • Geography – New NCERT Class 11 and 12, NCERT 6-10 as a reference, G.C. Leong for Physical Geography, Vajiram Yellow Book, Maps from the internet
  • Environment – Class 12 Biology, Shankar IAS
  • Economics – PYQs, Online Materials, Graduation Notes
  • Science And Tech Current Affairs
  • Ethics – Vajiram Yellow Book, Syllabus Topics, Vajiram Class Notes, Case Studies from Current Affairs

Current Affairs Can Make Or Break You

Start with reading newspapers. It is not just the information that matters; reading newspapers allows you to form opinions that help you write better answers in mains, as well as present better answers during interviews. Know what you must read. For example, ignore all political news. For international affairs, they develop slowly, so following them on a weekly or monthly basis is good enough. Also, following daily summaries and reading monthly compilations, and solving MCQs help. And remember to know the syllabus by heart so that you know which portions to read and which to leave.

Testing and Analysis

Mock tests are integral towards cracking prelims. About 3 months before her preliminary exams, Ananya completely gave in to her target of cracking prelims and exclusively started preparing for it. She insists that testing is only a part of the work done and one must analyze their strengths and weaknesses to truly utilize mock test series.

Answer Writing Crucial For Cracking Mains

The more answers you write, the better you’ll do. If you are short of time, try and utilize topper’s copies. Read the question, think of an answer, and then compare to the topper’s answers. Quoting data and statistics are integral to scoring well. So note down information from ARC reports, NITI Aayog reports, etc. Remember the articles and amendments and use them in answers. One of the most hectic times for Ananya was between the prelims and mains as she had to brush up all the information she had along with putting them in a more detailed and analytical perspective.

How To Score Well In Mains

3 Keys To Cracking Interviews

The first step towards cracking your interview is filling your DAF properly and researching all terms you mentioned in the form including details of your hometown, city, state, your degree, hobbies, and even your choice of optional. You get about a month between the mains results declaration and the interview date and this can be achieved within that time. Confidence is important as is honesty. If you do not know the answer to a question, honestly admit it to the interview panel instead of trying to use fillers.

Message To Aspirants

Ananya is confident that with consistency and hard work, UPSC can be cracked within 12-18 months. Keep your targets short-time, and try to always fulfill them. 

Ananya wishes you all the best.

© IASEXAMPORTAL

CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD UPSC TOPPERS NOTES

UPSC Exam Complete Study Materials

Online Coaching for IAS PRELIMS Exam

<<Go Back To Main Page

(Success Story) Clearing UPSC in First Attempt with Sociology Optional - Pratyush Pandey (AIR-21)



(Success Story) Clearing UPSC in First Attempt with Sociology Optional - Pratyush Pandey (AIR-21)



24-year old Pratyush Pandey, an alumnus of IIT-Kanpur and IIM-Ahmedabad, has secured rank 21 in his very first attempt in UPSC Civil Services Examination in 2019. Despite his engineering background, Pratyush’s choice of optional has been sociology. Recently, Pratyush has discussed in detail his strategy with Sociology optional and in this article, we bring to you a simple strategy which an aspirant from any educational background may use to score excellent marks in Sociology optional in UPSC Civil Services Examination. 

How To Choose Your Optional

Pratyush admits that he struggled with choosing his optional. As an engineer and a management trainee, he struggled with choosing subjects such as Civil Engineering, Mathematics, and even Philosophy due to a vested interest. But ultimately, he went with sociology as his optional as the subject was not only interesting, but he also could easily find resources for it.

Preparation Strategy

For Sociology, one of the perks is that the content is very aligned to the General Studies syllabus. The answer writing pattern is also very similar. The only separate potion is that of the thinkers. However, there are plenty of books available in the market to help you through with it. There are also IGNOU notes available. Pratyush used notes by a previous year’s topper.

Knowing your thinkers is half the battle won for Sociology as these are the concepts that you will use and reuse throughout the paper. You just need to understand where to use them and how. The trick is to understand how to emphasize the right points to make your answer come off as more sociological than general. Pratyush mentions the key difference – a general answer is about what you think; sociology is about what thinkers think about the same thing.

How To Remember All Thinkers

Pratyush asks you to start by studying the top 6 thinkers – Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx, Talcott Parsons, Max Weber, Herbert Mead, and Robert Merton. Once you learn them by heart, you’ll notice everyone else is a derivation of their original thoughts or that you can almost fit any topic under the sky into one of their thoughts. Based on the demand of the question, you mix and match the same 

data.

.

How To Write Answers

Pratyush developed a common structure for his answers so that he could think quicker and write faster. He would begin with a simple introduction which would be a definition related to the question. You follow this up with the concept i.e. you talk directly about the thinker’s philosophy about the topic at hand. Unless there is a mention of a thinker in the question, mention 3 or 4 of them at least. Understand the demand of the question’s keywords such as ‘Discuss’, ‘Analyze’, ‘Criticize’, etc. before answering. End with one of the few different pre-prepared conclusion.

Use Current Affairs

As far as possible, relate the examples of positive or negative aspects of the topic to current affairs. Everything you read in the news can be used as an example in Sociology. Follow a functional approach when trying to discuss any issue.

Pratyush’s Message To Aspirants

No matter what optional subject you choose, what matters I how thoroughly you follow through with your preparation. As the yearly analysis will show, no one optional has an upper hand in UPSC. It is how well you study and how well you present your answers that will make sure your score well. And that comes with revision and practice alone. Besides, optional is not the end of the road. Understand your strengths and weaknesses and conquer this journey.

Best of Luck.

© IASEXAMPORTAL

CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD UPSC TOPPERS NOTES

UPSC Exam Complete Study Materials

Online Coaching for IAS PRELIMS Exam

<<Go Back To Main Page

(Download) UPSC IES (Main) Exam Paper - 2020 ::Mechanical Engineering Paper - II::

https://iasexamportal.com/sites/default/files/UPSC-IES-LOGO.gif


(Download) UPSC IES (Main) Exam Paper - 2020

::Mechanical Engineering Paper - II::


Exam Name: Engineering Services Exam (IES)

Paper : Mechanical Engineering Paper - I

Year: 2020

File Type: PDF

Click Here to Download Full Paper

Buy UPSC IES Exam Books

<< Go Back To Main Paper

(Download) UPSC IES (Main) Exam Paper - 2020 ::Mechanical Engineering Paper - I::

https://iasexamportal.com/sites/default/files/UPSC-IES-LOGO.gif


(Download) UPSC IES (Main) Exam Paper - 2020

::Mechanical Engineering Paper - I::


Exam Name: Engineering Services Exam (IES)

Paper : Mechanical Engineering Paper - I

Year: 2020

File Type: PDF

Click Here to Download Full Paper

Buy UPSC IES Exam Books

<< Go Back To Main Paper

(Download) UPSC IES (Main) Exam Paper - 2020 ::Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering Paper - II::

https://iasexamportal.com/sites/default/files/UPSC-IES-LOGO.gif


(Download) UPSC IES (Main) Exam Paper - 2020

::Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering Paper - II::


Exam Name: Engineering Services Exam (IES)

Paper : Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering Paper - II

Year: 2020

File Type: PDF

Click Here to Download Full Paper

Buy UPSC IES Exam Books

<< Go Back To Main Paper

(Download) UPSC IES (Main) Exam Paper - 2020 ::Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering Paper - I::

https://iasexamportal.com/sites/default/files/UPSC-IES-LOGO.gif


(Download) UPSC IES (Main) Exam Paper - 2020

::Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering Paper - I::


Exam Name: Engineering Services Exam (IES)

Paper : Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering Paper - I

Year: 2020

File Type: PDF

Click Here to Download Full Paper

Buy UPSC IES Exam Books

<< Go Back To Main Paper

(Download) UPSC IES (Main) Exam Paper - 2020 ::Electrical Engineering Paper - II::

https://iasexamportal.com/sites/default/files/UPSC-IES-LOGO.gif


(Download) UPSC IES (Main) Exam Paper - 2020

::Electrical Engineering Paper - II::


Exam Name: Engineering Services Exam (IES)

Paper : Electrical Engineering Paper-II

Year: 2020

File Type: PDF

Click Here to Download Full Paper

Buy UPSC IES Exam Books

<< Go Back To Main Paper

(Download) UPSC IES (Main) Exam Paper - 2020 ::Electrical Engineering Paper - I::

https://iasexamportal.com/sites/default/files/UPSC-IES-LOGO.gif


(Download) UPSC IES (Main) Exam Paper - 2020

::Electrical Engineering Paper - I::


Exam Name: Engineering Services Exam (IES)

Paper : Electrical Engineering Paper-I

Year: 2020

File Type: PDF

Click Here to Download Full Paper

Buy UPSC IES Exam Books

<< Go Back To Main Paper

(Download) UPSC IES (Main) Exam Paper - 2020 ::Civil Engineering Paper - II::

https://iasexamportal.com/sites/default/files/UPSC-IES-LOGO.gif


(Download) UPSC IES (Main) Exam Paper - 2020

::Civil Engineering Paper - II::


Exam Name: Engineering Services Exam (IES)

Paper : Civil Engineering Paper - II

Year: 2020

File Type: PDF

Click Here to Download Full Paper

Buy UPSC IES Exam Books

<< Go Back To Main Paper

(Download) UPSC IES (Main) Exam Paper - 2020 ::Civil Engineering Paper - I::

https://iasexamportal.com/sites/default/files/UPSC-IES-LOGO.gif


(Download) UPSC IES (Main) Exam Paper - 2020

::Civil Engineering Paper - I::


Exam Name: Engineering Services Exam (IES)

Paper : Civil Engineering Paper - I

Year: 2020

File Type: PDF

Click Here to Download Full Paper

Buy UPSC IES Exam Books

<< Go Back To Main Paper

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - trainee5's blog