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UPSC IAS (Pre.) Exam 2021 Notification Released (Last Date: 24th March, 2021)

IAS EXAM

UPSC IAS (Pre.) Exam 2021 Notification Released

1. CANDIDATES TO ENSURE THEIR ELIGIBILITY FOR THE EXAMINATION:

All candidates (male/female/transgender) are requested to carefully read the Rules of Civil Services Examination notified by the Government (Department of Personnel and Training) and this Notice of Examination derived from these Rules. The Candidates applying for the examination should ensure that they fulfill all eligibility conditions for admission to examination. Their admission to all the stages of the examination will be purely provisional subject to satisfying the prescribed eligibility conditions. Mere issue of e-Admit Card to the candidate will not imply that his/her candidature has been finally cleared by the Commission. The Commission takes up verification of eligibility conditions with reference to original documents only after the candidate has qualified for Interview/Personality Test. 

2. HOW TO APPLY:

Candidates are required to apply Online by using the website https://upsconline.nic.in Detailed instructions for filling up online applications are available on the above mentioned website. Brief Instructions for filling up the "Online Application Form" given in Appendix-IIA. 

Candidate should have details of one Photo ID Card viz. Aadhaar Card/Voter Card/PAN Card/Passport/Driving Licence/Any other Photo ID Card issued by the State/Central Government. The details of this Photo ID Card will have to be provided by the candidate while filling up the online application form. The candidates will have to upload a scanned copy of the Photo ID whose details have been provided in the online application by him/her. This Photo ID Card will be used for all future referencing and the candidate is advised to carry this Photo ID Card while appearing for Examination/Personality Test. 

The facility of withdrawal of Application is available for those candidates who do not want to appear for Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination. In this regard, Instructions are mentioned in Appendix IIB of this Examination Notice.

3. LAST DATE FOR RECEIPT OF APPLICATIONS :

The online Applications can be filled up to 24th March, 2021 till 6:00 PM. The eligible candidates shall be issued an e-Admit Card three weeks before the commencement of the examination. The e-Admit Card will be made available in the UPSC website [ https://upsconline.nic.in ] for downloading by candidates. No Admit Card will be sent by post.  

4. PENALTY FOR WRONG ANSWERS:

Candidates should note that there will be penalty (negative marking) for wrong answers marked by a candidate in the Objective Type Question Papers.

5. FACILITATION COUNTER FOR GUIDANCE OF CANDIDATES:

In case of any guidance/information/clarification regarding their applications, candidature etc. candidates can contact UPSC’s Facilitation Counter near gate ‘C’ of its campus in person or over Telephone No. 011-23385271/011-23381125/011-23098543 on working days between 10.00 hrs and 17.00 hrs.

F. No. 1/13/2020-E.I(B) : Preliminary Examination of the Civil Services Examination for recruitment to the Services and Posts mentioned below will be held by the Union Public Service Commission on 27th June, 2021 in accordance with the Rules published by the Department of Personnel & Training in the Gazette of India Extraordinary dated 4th March, 2021. All candidates must carefully read the Civil Services Examination-2021 Rules together with all the Appendices along with the Annexures thereof and this Examination Notice derived from the CSE Rules, 2021 in entirety for gaining awareness of the current Rules and Regulations as changes may have been incorporated since the previous Examination Rules. 

(i) Indian Administrative Service
(ii) Indian Foreign Service
(iii) Indian Police Service
(iv) Indian Audit and Accounts Service, Group ‘A’
(v) Indian Civil Accounts Service, Group ‘A’
(vi) Indian Corporate Law Service, Group ‘A’
(vii) Indian Defence Accounts Service, Group ‘A’
(viii) Indian Defence Estates Service, Group ‘A’
(ix) Indian Information Service, Junior Grade Group ‘A’
(x) Indian Postal Service, Group ‘A’
(xi) Indian P&T Accounts and Finance Service, Group ‘A’
(xii) Indian Railway Protection Force Service, Group ‘A’
(xiii) Indian Revenue Service (Customs & Indirect Taxes) Group ‘A’
(xiv) Indian Revenue Service (Income Tax) Group ‘A’
(xv) Indian Trade Service, Group ‘A’ (Grade III)
(xvi) Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service, Group ‘B’ (Section Officer’s Grade)
(xvii) Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service (DANICS), Group ‘B’
(xviii) Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service (DANIPS), Group ‘B’
(xix) Pondicherry Civil Service (PONDICS), Group ‘B’

 

Click Here to Download UPSC Official Notification PDF

The number of vacancies to be filled through the examination is expected to be approximately 712 which include 22 vacancies reserved for Persons with Benchmark Disability Category, i.e. 5 vacancies for candidates of (a) blindness and low vision; 6 Vacancies for (b) deaf and hard of hearing; 6 Vacancies for (c) locomotor disability including cerebral palsy, leprosy cured, dwarfism, acid attack victims and muscular dystrophy; and 5 Vacancies for (e) multiple disabilities from amongst persons under clauses (a) to (c) including deaf-blindness. The final number of vacancies may undergo change after getting firm number of vacancies from Cadre Controlling Authorities. Reservation will be made for candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes. Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes, the Economically Weaker Sections and Persons with Benchmark Disability in respect of vacancies as may be fixed by the Government.   

As per the decision taken by the Government for increasing the access of unemployed to job opportunities, the Commission will publicly disclose the scores of the candidates (obtained in the Written Examination and Interview/Personality Test) through the public portals. The disclosure will be made in respect of only those willing candidates who will appear in the Interview/Personality Test for the Civil Service Examination and are not finally recommended for appointment. The information shared through this disclosure scheme about the non-recommended candidates may be used by other public and private recruitment agencies to appoint suitable candidates from the information made available in the public portal.  Candidates will be required to give their options at the time of Interview/Personality Test,
while downloading the e-Summon Letter from the Commission’s website for the interview. A
candidate may opt out of the scheme also and in that case his/her details will not be published by
the Commission.

Besides sharing of the information of the non-recommended willing candidates of this examination, the Commission will not assume any responsibility or liability for the method and manner in which information related to such candidates is utilized by public/private organizations. 

3. Eligibility Conditions: (I) Nationality

  1. For the Indian Administrative Service, the Indian Foreign Service and the Indian Police Service, a candidate must be a citizen of India.

  2. For other services, a candidate must be either:-

  • a citizen of India, or

  • a subject of Nepal, or

  • a subject of Bhutan, or

  • a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before 1st January, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India, or

  • a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India. Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (b), (c), (d) and (e) shall be a person in whose favour a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India.

A candidate in whose case a certificate of eligibility is necessary, may be admitted to the examination but the offer of appointment may be given only after the necessary eligibility certificate has been issued to him/her by the Government of India.

(II) Age Limits:

(1) A candidate must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained the age of 32 years on the 1st of August, 2021 i.e., the candidate must have been born not earlier than 2nd August, 1989 and not later than 1st August, 2000. 

(b) The upper age-limit prescribed above will be relaxable:
(i) up to a maximum of five years if a candidate belongs to a Scheduled Caste or a Scheduled Tribe;
(ii) up to a maximum of three years in the case of candidates belonging to Other Backward Classes who are eligible to avail of reservation applicable to such candidates;
(iii) up to a maximum of three years in the case of Defence Services Personnel, disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area and released as a consequence thereof;
(iv) up to a maximum of five years in the case of ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least five years Military Service as on 1st August, 2020 and have been released;
(a) on completion of assignment (including those whose assignment is due to be completed within one year from 1st August, 2020 otherwise than by way of dismissal or discharge on account of misconduct or inefficiency; or
(b) on account of physical disability attributable to Military Service; or
(c) on invalidment.
(v) up to a maximum of five years in the case of ECOs/SSCOs who have completed an initial period of assignment of five years of Military Service as on 1st August, 2020 and whose assignment has been extended beyond five years and in whose case the Ministry of Defence issues a certificate that they can apply for civil employment and that they will be released on three months’ notice on selection from the date of receipt of offer of appointment. 
(vi) up to a maximum of 10 years in the case of (a) blindness and low vision; (b) deaf and hard of hearing; (c) locomotor disability including cerebral palsy, leprosy cured, dwarfism, acid attack victims and muscular dystrophy; (d) autism, intellectual disability, specific learning disability and mental illness; and (e) multiple disabilities from amongst persons under clauses (a) to (d) including deaf-blindness. 

(III) Minimum Educational Qualifications :

The candidate must hold a degree of any of Universities incorporated by an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India or other educational institutions established by an Act of Parliament or declared to be deemed as a University Under Section-3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956, or possess an equivalent qualification 

Note I:—Candidates who have appeared at an examination the passing of which would render them educationally qualified for the Commission’s examination but have not been informed of the result as also the candidates who intend to appear at such a qualifying examination will also be eligible for admission to the Preliminary Examination. All candidates who are declared qualified by the Commission for taking the Civil Services (Main) Examination will be required to produce proof of passing the requisite examination along with their application (i.e. Detailed Application Form-I) for the Main Examination, failing which
such candidates will not be admitted to the Main Examination. Such proof of passing the requisite examination should be dated earlier than the due date (closing date) of Detailed Application Form-I of the Civil Services (Main) Examination.

Note II: In exceptional cases the Union Public Service Commission may treat a candidate who does not have any of the foregoing qualifications as a qualified candidate provided that he/she has passed examination conducted by the other Institutions, the standard of which in the opinion of the Commission justifies his/her admission to the examination.

Note III: Candidates possessing professional and technical qualifications which are recognised by the Government as equivalent to professional and technical degree would also be eligible for admission to the examination.

Note IV: Candidates who have passed the final professional M.B.B.S. or any other Medical Examination but have not completed their internship by the time of submission of their applications for the Civil Services (Main) Examination, will be provisionally admitted to the Examination provided they submit along with their application a copy of certificate from the concerned authority of the University/Institution that they had passed the requisite final professional medical examination. In such cases, the candidates will be required to produce at the time of their interview original Degree or a certificate from the concerned competent authority of the University/Institution that they had completed all requirements (including completion of internship) for the award of the Degree 

4. FEE:

Candidates (excepting Female/SC/ST/Persons with Benchmark Disability Candidates who are exempted from payment of fee) are required to pay fee of Rs. 100/- (Rupees One Hundred only) either by remitting the money in any Branch of State Bank of India or by using Visa/Master/RuPay Credit/Debit Card or by using Internet Banking of SBI. Applicants who opt for "Pay by Cash" mode should print the system generated Pay-in-slip during part II registration and deposit the fee at the counter of SBI Branch on the next working day only. "Pay by Cash” mode will be deactivated at 11.59 P.M. of 23rd March, 2021 i.e. one day before the closing date; however applicants, who have generated their Pay-in- Slip before it is deactivated, may pay at the counter of SBI Branch during banking hours on the closing date. Such applicants who are unable to pay by cash on the closing date i.e. during banking hours at SBI Branch, for reasons whatsoever, even if holding valid pay-in-slip will have no other offline option but to opt for available online Debit/Credit Card or Internet Banking payment mode on the closing date i.e. till 06:00 P.M. of 24th March, 2021. 

For the applicants in whose case payments details have not been received from the bank they will be treated as fictitious payment cases and a list of all such applicants shall be made available on the Commission website within two weeks after the last day of submission of online application.These applicants shall also be intimated through e-mail to submit copy of proof of their payment to the Commission at the address mentioned in the e-mail. The applicant shall be required to submit the proof within 10 days from the date of such communication either by hand or by speed post to the Commission. In case, no response is received from the applicants their applications shall be summarily rejected and no further correspondence shall be entertained in this regard. All female candidates and candidates belonging to Scheduled Caste/ Scheduled Tribe/ Persons with Benchmark Disability categories are exempted from payment of fee. No fee exemption is, however, available to OBC/EWS candidates and they are required to pay the prescribed fee in full. Persons with Benchmark Disability are exempted from the payment of fee provided they are otherwise eligible for appointment to the Services/Posts to be filled on the results of this examination on the basis of the standards of medical fitness for these Services/Posts (including any concessions specifically extended to the Persons with Benchmark Disability). A candidate of Persons with Benchmark Disability claiming fee concession will be required by the Commission to submit along with their Detailed Application Form - I, a certified copy of the Certificate of Disability from a Government Hospital/Medical Board in support of his/her claim for belonging to Persons with Benchmark Disability. 

NB: Notwithstanding, the aforesaid provision for fee exemption, a candidate of Persons with Benchmark Disability will be considered to be eligible for appointment only if he/she (after such physical examination as the Government or the Appointing Authority, as the case may be, may prescribe) is found to satisfy the requirements of physical and medical standards for the concerned Services/Posts to be allocated to candidates of Persons with Benchmark Disability by the Government. 

Note I: Applications without the prescribed Fee (Unless remission of Fee is claimed) shall be summarily rejected.
Note II: Fee once paid shall not be refunded under any circumstances nor can the fee be held in reserve for any other examination or selection.

Note III: If any candidate who took the Civil Services Examination held in 2019 wishes to apply for admission to this examination, he/she must submit his/her application without waiting for the results or an offer of appointment.

Note IV: Candidates admitted to the Main Examination will be required to pay a further fee of Rs. 200/- (Rupees Two hundreds only).

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(अधिसूचना "Notification") UPSC IAS Exam सिविल सेवा परीक्षा 2021

IAS EXAM

(अधिसूचना "Notification") UPSC IAS Exam सिविल सेवा परीक्षा 2021

UPSC HINDI PAPERS यूपीएससी आईएएस परीक्षा पेपर Download

1. परीक्षा के लिए उम्मीदवार अपनी  पात्रता सुनिश्चित कर लें :

सभी उम्मीदवारों (पुरुष / महिला / ट्रांसजेंडर) से अनुरोध है कि वे सरकार (कार्मिक और प्रशिक्षण विभाग) द्वारा अधिसूचित सिविल सेवा परीक्षा के नियमों और इन नियमों से प्राप्त परीक्षा के नोटिस को ध्यानपूर्वक पढ़ें। परीक्षा के लिए आवेदन करने वाले उम्मीदवारों को यह सुनिश्चित करना चाहिए कि वे परीक्षा में प्रवेश के लिए सभी पात्रता शर्तों को पूरा करें। निर्धारित पात्रता शर्तों को पूरा करने के लिए परीक्षा के सभी चरणों में उनका प्रवेश विशुद्ध रूप से अनंतिम विषय होगा। अभ्यर्थी को ई-एडमिट कार्ड जारी करने का यह अर्थ नहीं होगा कि आयोग द्वारा उसकी उम्मीदवारी को अंततः मंजूरी दे दी गई है। उम्मीदवार द्वारा साक्षात्कार / व्यक्तित्व परीक्षण के लिए योग्य होने के बाद ही आयोग मूल दस्तावेजों के संदर्भ में पात्रता शर्तों का सत्यापन करता है।

आवेदन कैसे करे:

उम्मीदवारों को वेबसाइट https://upsconline.nic.in का उपयोग करके ऑनलाइन आवेदन करना होगा। ऑनलाइन आवेदन भरने के लिए विस्तृत निर्देश उपर्युक्त वेबसाइट पर उपलब्ध हैं। परिशिष्ट-आईआईए में दिए गए "ऑनलाइन आवेदन पत्र" को भरने के लिए संक्षिप्त निर्देश।

उम्मीदवार के पास एक फोटो आईडी कार्ड का विवरण होना चाहिए। आधार कार्ड / वोटर कार्ड / पैन कार्ड / पासपोर्ट / ड्राइविंग लाइसेंस / राज्य / केंद्र सरकार द्वारा जारी कोई अन्य फोटो पहचान पत्र। इस फोटो आईडी कार्ड का विवरण उम्मीदवार को ऑनलाइन आवेदन पत्र भरते समय प्रदान करना होगा। उम्मीदवारों को फोटो आईडी की एक स्कैन की गई कॉपी अपलोड करनी होगी जिसका विवरण उसके / उसके द्वारा ऑनलाइन आवेदन में प्रदान किया गया है। यह फोटो आईडी कार्ड भविष्य के सभी संदर्भों के लिए उपयोग किया जाएगा और उम्मीदवार को सलाह दी जाती है कि वह परीक्षा / व्यक्तिगत परीक्षा के लिए इस फोटो आईडी कार्ड को ले जाए।

आवेदन वापस लेने की सुविधा उन उम्मीदवारों के लिए उपलब्ध है जो सिविल सेवा (प्रारंभिक) परीक्षा के लिए उपस्थित नहीं होना चाहते हैं। इस संबंध में, इस परीक्षा सूचना के परिशिष्ट II में निर्देशों का उल्लेख किया गया है।

आवेदन पत्र की भरने की अंतिम तारीख  :

ऑनलाइन आवेदन 24 मार्च, 2021 तक शाम 6:00 बजे तक भरे जा सकते हैं। पात्र उम्मीदवारों को परीक्षा शुरू होने से तीन सप्ताह पहले ई-एडमिट कार्ड जारी किया जाएगा। उम्मीदवारों द्वारा डाउनलोड करने के लिए ई-एडमिट कार्ड यूपीएससी की वेबसाइट [https://upsconline.nic.in] में उपलब्ध कराया जाएगा। कोई भी एडमिट कार्ड डाक से नहीं भेजा जाएगा।

गलत उतर के लए दंड

उम्मीदवारों को ध्यान देना चाहिए कि वस्तुनिष्ठ प्रकार के प्रश्न पत्रों में एक उम्मीदवार द्वारा चिह्नित गलत उत्तरों के लिए जुर्माना (नकारात्मक अंकन) होगा।

उमीदवार के मार्गदर्शन हेत सुविधा काउंटर :

अपने आवेदन, उम्मीदवारी आदि के संबंध में किसी भी मार्गदर्शन / सूचना / स्पष्टीकरण के मामले में उम्मीदवार यूपीएससी के सुविधा काउंटर से संपर्क कर सकते हैं, जिसके परिसर में गेट 'सी' के पास व्यक्ति या टेलीफोन नंबर 011-23385271 / 011-23381125 / 011-23098543 पर काम कर रहा है। 10.00 बजे से 17.00 बजे के बीच का दिन।

(स्टडी किट) UPSC सामान्य अध्ययन प्रारंभिक एवं मुख्य परीक्षा (Combo)

(स्टडी किट) UPSC सामान्य अध्ययन (GS) प्रारंभिक परीक्षा (Pre) पेपर-1

मोबाइल फोन प्रतिबंधित:

(क) जहां परा आयोिजत क जा रह है, उस परसर म मोबाइल फोन का योग (चाहे वह  ऑफ ह य ना हो), पेजर या कसी अ य कार का इलेनक उपकरण या कए जा सकने वाला डवाइस या पेन  जैसा कोई टोरेज मीडया, माट वॉच इयाद या कै मरा या लू टूथ डवाइस या कोई  उपकरण या संचार यं के प म योग कए जा सकने वाला कोई अय संबंधत उपकरण, चाहे वह बंद हो या चालूसत मना है।
(ख) उमीदवार को उनके हत म सलाह द जाती है क वे परा थल पर मोबाइल फोन/ लू टूथ सहत कोई भी तबंधत सामी न लाएं, यक इनक सु रा सुनिचत नहं क जा सकती।

उमीदवार को सलाह  जाती है क वे कोई भी  यवान/कमती सामान परा भवन म न लाएं, यक उनक सु रा सुनिचत नहं क जा सकती. आयोग इस संबंध म कसी नकसान के लए उतरदायी नहं होगा।

एफ. सं. 1/13/2020-प.1(ख)

नीचे दी गई सेवाओं और पदों पर भर्ती के लिए सिविल सेवा परीक्षा की प्रारंभिक परीक्षा संघ लोक सेवा आयोग द्वारा 04 मार्च, 2021 को भारत के राजपत्र में कार्मिक और प्रशिक्षण विभाग द्वारा प्रकाशित नियमों के अनुसार होगी। 27 जून, 2021सिविल सेवा परीक्षा की प्रारंभिक परीक्षा ली जाएगी ।

(i) भारतीय प्रशासनिक सेवा

(ii) भारतीय विदेश सेवा

(iii) भारतीय पुलिस सेवा

(iv) भारतीय डाक एवं तार लेखा और वित्त सेवा, ग्रुप "क "

(v) भारतीय लेखा परीक्षा और लेखा सेवा , ग्रुप "क "

(vi) भारतीय राजस्व सेवा (सीमा शुल्क और केंद्रीय उत्पाद), ग्रुप 'क'

(vii) भारतीय रक्षा लेखा सेवा, ग्रुप 'क'

(viii) भारतीय राजस्व सेवा (आयकर), ग्रुप 'क'

(ix) भारतीय आयुध कारखाना सेवा, ग्रुप 'क' (सहायक कर्मशाला प्रबंधक , प्रशासनिक)

(x) भारतीय डाक सेवा, ग्रुप 'क'

(xi) भारतीय सिविल लेखा सेवा, ग्रुप 'क'

(xii) भारतीय रेलवे यातायात सेवा, ग्रुप 'क'

(xiii) भारतीय रेलवे लेखा सेवा, ग्रुप 'क'

(xiv) भारतीय रेलवे कार्मिक सेवा, ग्रुप 'क'

(xv) रेलवे सुरक्षा बल में ग्रुप 'क' के सहायक सुरक्षा आयुक्त के पद

(xvi) भारतीय रक्षा संपदा सेवा, ग्रुप 'क'

(xvii) भारतीय सूचना सेवा (कनिष्ठ ग्रेड), ग्रुप 'क'

(xviii) भारतीय व्यापार सेवा, ग्रुप 'क'

(xix) भारतीय कारपोरेट विधि सेवा, ग्रुप 'क'

(xx) सशस्त्र सेना मुख्यालय सिविल सेवा, ग्रुप 'ख' (अनुभाग अधर्कारी ग्रेड)

(xxi) दिल्ली , अंडमान एवं निकोबार द्वीप समूह,लक्षद्वीप , दमन व दीव एवं दादरा व नगर हवेली सिविल सेवा, ग्रुप 'ख'

(xxii) दिल्ली , अंडमान एवं निकोबार द्वीप समूह,लक्षद्वीप , दमन व दीव एवं दादरा व नगर हवेली पुलिस सेवा, ग्रुप 'ख'

(xxiii)पांडिचेरी सिविल सेवा, ग्रुप 'ख'

(xxiv)पांडिचेरी पुलिस सेवा, ग्रुप 'ख'.

आवेदन प्राप्त करने की अंतिम तिथि : 24 मार्च 2021)

UPSC 2021 अधिसूचना के लिए यहां क्लिक करें

ऑनलाइन आवेदन के लिए यहां क्लिक करें

(स्टडी किट) UPSC सामान्य अध्ययन प्रारंभिक एवं मुख्य परीक्षा (Combo)

(स्टडी किट) UPSC सामान्य अध्ययन (GS) प्रारंभिक परीक्षा (Pre) पेपर-1

Courtesy: UPSC

महत्वपूर्ण लिंक:

(Getting Started) History Optional Strategy by AIR-51 Vikram Grewal



(Getting Started) History Optional Strategy by AIR-51 Vikram Grewal



Vikram Grewal is a topper in UPSC Civil Services Examination in the year 2018. He is one of the highest rank holders at an all-India rank of 51 as well as a very high scorer in the Essay paper which he claims is one of the larger contributors in his rank. He is a History graduate from St. Stephen’s College, Delhi, and naturally, he picked History as his optional. Vikram has his eyes set on UPSC from when he was a teenager in school. In 2018, his dream finally came true.

Why Choose History As Your Optional?

To begin with, the very first stage i.e., Prelims requires a detailed understanding of History. Mastery over History helps you score well in prelims. In mains, for General Studies Paper-I History is extremely important. For General Studies Paper-II, political thoughts are a part of your History optional. For General Studies Paper-II, Economic History finds relevance. For General Studies Paper-IV also uses thoughts, views, as well as examples frequently. 

Similarly, it also helps you in your Essay paper. History gives you an objective frame of mind and helps you understand current events with the knowledge of their Historical causation.

 

What To Study For History Optional?

Paper-I

Study Notes for UPSC MAINS HISTORY Optional

Paper-II

How To Study History?

Study Map Thematically

According to Vikram, History is one of the easiest subjects to study because of the detailed syllabus which mentions all relevant topics one needs to cover. Start with the first topic/point and cover all subtopics. Cover sub-topics mentioned only. Do not go beyond what is mentioned in the syllabus. Follow the topics in the same chronology as mentioned. Take note of Historians and their different opinions and focus on the keywords while noting them. Consult previous years’ papers and you will see that UPSC never asks questions beyond the mentioned subtopics.

For the map section, pick up materials from any standard coaching center and practice according to the themes. Do not ignore maps as it is highly scoring, almost mathematical. Also, while reading a book take note of the sources mentioned. You can divide it accordingly and revise thematically.

Message To Aspirants

What worked for Vikram may not work for you. Modify his strategy according to your abilities and interests. History is indeed a great optional and with the right strategy, you too can score very well in it. All the best!

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UPSC Mains 2020 Public Administration Optional Categorized Analysis (Paper-1)

 UPSC Mains 2020 Public Administration Optional Categorized Analysis (Paper-1)

  • Exam Name: UPSC IAS Mains Public Administration (Paper-I)
  • Marks: 250
  • Time Allowed: 3 Hours

SECTION A

Q1. Answer the following in about 150 words each: 

(a) "The strength of Public Administration is in its exploration of the complexities and nuances of public policy making and implementation." Discuss. (Introduction)

(b) Principles of analysis and principles of action were not differentiated in Taylor's scientific management. Comment (Administrative Thought)

(c) "Arbitrariness in the application of rule of law is a primary cause of poor governance." Discuss. (Administrative Law)

(d) Departments, Boards and Commissions as forms of organization are dissimilar in the context of accountability and responsibility." Analyse. (Organizations)

(e)Administrative man bridges the psychological man and the rational man. Explain. (Administrative Thought)

Q2.(a) The movement towards governance as an organizing concept for public administration and management is because the focus of administration has been shifting from the bureaucratic state to the 'hollow state' and 'third-party government. Critically examine. (Introduction)

(b) "Organizations of the future will be organic-adaptive structures but temporary systems." Discuss how Warren Bennis characterizes the new form of organization. (Administrative Thought)

(c) "Productivity is not the result of working conditions but the result of emotional response of workers to work performed." Are Elton Mayo's findings relevant in contemporary organiza tions? (Administrative Thought)

Q3.(a) Performance information use is a form of organizational behaviour that is influenced by individual job, organizational and environmental factors." Critically analyse. (Administrative Behaviour)

(b) New Public Service emphasizes democracy and citizenship as the basis for public administration theory and practice. Elucidate. (Introduction)

(c)  "Accountability under New Public Management has undergone a radical change, although the focus has continued to remain on management." Comment (Introduction)

Q4.(a) "Developments in the field of Administrative Law reflect an increasingly blurred boundary between the state and society, and between justice and administration." Has administrative law become more constitutional than the Constitution itself? Argue (Administrative Law) 

(b) The content and process theories of motivation have the same focus but are different in approaches." Do you agree? Give reasons. (Administrative Behaviour)

(c) Thrust on the citizen centricity and Right based approaches, aim to empower the citizens. In the light of the above, has the administrative accountability improved ? Justify your argument (Accountability and Control)

SECTION B

Q5. Answer the following in about 150 words each:

(a) "Comparative Public Administration started with no paradigm of its own and developed nane" Comment (Comparative Public Administration)

(b) "Markets, hierarchies and networks represent modem governing structures in government." Explain. (Development Dynamics)

(c) Has policy analysis become a major source of legitimation of status quo in political and social order? Discuss. (Public Policy)

(d) "Fiscal policy should address the issues of inequity, intricacy and obscurantism." Explain. (Financial Administraion)

(e) "Prevention of misconduct requires institutionalization of ethical values at the political and administrative levels." Justify. (Personnel Administration)

Q6.(a) "Administrative ideas must be seen in the context of environment in which they develop." In the light of the above statement, examine the influence of New Public Management and Information and Communication Technologies on comparative study of Public Administration. (Comparative Public Administration)

(b) Affirmative action in socio-economic development has not altogether eliminated discrimination. Discuss it in the context of women empowerment. (Development Dynamics)

(c) Have political realities thwarted the move towards evidence based policy making ? Critically examine. (Public Policy)

Q7.(a) “Globalization is impacting the context of national policy making. The national policy agenda is becoming international.” Explain. (Public Policy)

(b) "Collaboration and its cognates for public service delivery need to be viewed from the governance lenses." Comment. |(Development Dynamics)

(c) Administrative reform is "an artificial inducement of administrative transformation against resistance." (Gerald Caiden). Identify the nature of resistance and inducements required to overcome it.(Techniques of Administrative Improvement)

Q8.(a)"Disruptive nature of developments in Information Technology has changed the contours of e-governance in the last one decade." Analyse. .(Techniques of Administrative Improvement)

(b) "Performance Management Framework enables a clear line of sight between planning, measuring and monitoring performance." Critically analyse.(Personnel Administration)

(c) "Objectives of performance budgeting include improving expenditure prioritization, effectiveness and efficiency." Has performance budgeting worked effectively in governmental system ? Argue.(Financial Administration)

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(Article) UPSC Lateral Entry Into Central Administration



(Article) UPSC Lateral Entry Into Central Administration



An advertisement for 30 recruits to be appointed for posts at the Joint Secretary and Director level in the Central Administration has been published by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). These appointments are being made through lateral entry in the second round, instead of selecting mostly domain experts for various Departments and Ministries. Out of the 30 positions advertised by the UPSC, 27 are for the Director level and just 3 are for Joint Secretary.

Posts Advertised

SL No.

Post

No. Of Vacancies 

1

Joint Secretary in the Department of Agriculture Cooperation and Farmers Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare

01

2

Joint Secretary in the Department of Commerce, Ministry of Commerce and Industry

01

3

Joint Secretary in the Department of Revenue, Ministry of Finance

01

4

Director (Agriculture Marketing), Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare

01

5

Director (Aviation Management), Ministry of Civil Aviation

01

6

Director (Agriculture Trade Specialties), Department of Commerce, Ministry of Commerce and Industry

01

7

Director (Exports Marketing), Department of Commerce, Ministry of Commerce and Industry

01

8

Director (Foreign Trade Analyst), Department of Commerce, Ministry of Commerce and Industry

01

9

Director (Logistics), Department of Commerce, Ministry of Commerce and Industry

01

10

Director (Logistics), Department of Food and Public Distribution, Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution

01

11

Director (Warehouse Expertise), Department of Food and Public Distribution, Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution

01

12

Director (Edu Tech), Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Education

01

13

Director (Edu Laws), Department of School Education and Literacy, Ministry of Education

01

14

Director (ICT Edu), Department of School Education and Literacy, Ministry of Education

01

15

Director (Media Management), Department of School Education and Literacy, Ministry of Education

01

16

Director (Banking), Department of Financial Services, Ministry of Finance

01

17

Director (Cyber Security in Financial Sector), Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance

01

18

Director (Digital Economy and FinTech), Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance

01

19

Director (Financial Market), Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance

01

20

Director (Insurance), Department of Financial Services, Ministry of Finance

01

21

Director (Maternal Health Issues), Ministry of Health & Family Welfare

01

22

Director (Finance) NACO, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare

01

23

Director (Water Management), Department of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, Ministry of Jal Shakti

01

24

Director (Arbitration and Conciliation Laws), Department of Legal Affairs, Ministry of Law and Justice

01

25

Director (Cyber Laws), Department of Legal Affairs, Ministry of Law and Justice

01

26

Director (Finance Sector Laws), Department of Legal Affairs, Ministry of Law and Justice

01

27

Director (International Laws), Department of Legal Affairs, Ministry of Law and Justice

01

28

Director (Judicial Reforms), Department of Justice, Ministry of Law and Justice

01

29

Director (New Technology for Highway Development), Ministry of Road Transport and Highways

01

30

Director (Innovation in Education

Entrepreneurship), Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship

01

 Qualification Requirement

For a Joint Secretary lateral entrant, the basic requirement is 15 years of work experience in a relevant field as mentioned in the upsc advertisement, and for Directors, it is the same but for 10 years.

Application Process

Candidates are required to apply online by March 22. The appointments are contractual and will initially be for 3 years, to be extended up to 5 years if required. The UPSC will conduct this whole process of recruitment. Candidates will be shortlisted based on their applications and selected candidates will be invited for interviews. Selected candidates will then be appointed for the post.

Why Is It Important?

 

Mains Question: Analyze the move by the government on starting lateral entry into civil services.

This move is not only important from a career information point of view but also from a syllabus point of view. This is a hot topic now and will most probably incur questions in upsc prelims and/or upsc mains. So, understanding the pros and cons of it is important. Looking at the mindmap you can tell that both sides have some weightage to their argument.

The way forward is clearly to figure out a balance. To begin with, one of the rising fears is lateral entry will lead to politicization; this needs to be prevented. Seeking expertise need not always lead to bringing in players from the private sector; serving officers can also be occasionally posted in the private sector to be trained for the job. 

The key to it is giving opportunities to those that are most capable which means having a more rigorous appraisal system in place along with absolute transparency. Only then will we see a lasting impact.

 

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(E-Book) YOJANA MAGAZINE HINDI PDF - FEB 2021

 (E-Book) YOJANA MAGAZINE PDF - FEB 2021 

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Content Table

  • मौखिक परंपरा और भारतीय साहित्य (डॉ चन्द्रशेखर कम्बार)
  • भारतीय साहित्य का उद्भव (डॉ के श्रीनिवासराव)
  • विश्व पटल पर भारतीय साहित्य (डॉ निशात जैदी)
  • भारत का अमृत महोत्सव भारत की आजादी और हिन्दी साहित्य (मैनेजर पाण्डेय)
  • हिंदी भाषा व देवनागरी लिपि का विकास (आलोक श्रीवास्तव)
  • संस्कृत भाषा विचारात्मक अध्ययन - (डॉ आशीष कुमार)
  • हिंदी बाल साहित्य का परिदृश्य (प्रकाश मनु)
  • उर्दू भाषा और साहित्य (हसन जिया)
  • तोल्कप्पियम प्राचीन व्याकरण (प्रो के वी बालासुब्रमण्यन)
  • मराठी साहित्य (श्रीधर नांदेड़कर)
  • योजना सही विकल्प

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Salient features of the Indian society


Salient features of the Indian society


What is a society?

A society is an aggregation (sum) of all the human relations based on some common characteristics, tradition, norms and values. A society can be called homogeneous (e.g. Arab nation, Japan) or heterogeneous (e.g. India, US) based on the elements of diversity. Practically no well-developed society across the world can be called homogeneous as some form of difference do exist in all of them.

 

What is Indian society?

The question becomes difficult to answer as by the reason of Indian diversity. People of India do not have a common religion, race, language etc. The only thing that people in India share together is the identity of being Indian and the values prescribed under the constitution. However following feature can help define Indian society in broad terms.


 

Feature of Indian society:

Dynamic and Syncretic:

The present Indian society is the culmination of long drawn process involving both assimilation and accommodation. While many tribes have over the years lost their indigenous culture as a result of assimilation into the Hindu society, many new practices have emerged from contact of different cultures. It is also dynamic since it is ever changing. The recent example of it is the changes in the social values after globalization.

Example of assimilation:

  • About 197 languages/dialects are endangered in India (1)

  • Struggle of many tribes such as Naga for protecting their culture from outsiders

  • Increasing number of PVTG (Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups)

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(E-Book) Current Affairs GK for UPSC, IAS Exams- JAN 2021 PDF

General Awareness for UPSC Exams - JAN 2021

Current Affairs GK for UPSC, IAS Exams - JAN 2021 PDF

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