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(VIDEO) Special Status: Andhra’s Demands, Larger Issues - Rajya Sabha TV Big Picture Debate

(VIDEO) Special Status: Andhra’s Demands, Larger Issues -

Rajya Sabha TV Big Picture Debate

Topic of Discussion: Special Status: Andhra’s Demands, Larger Issues - Rajya Sabha TV Big Picture Debate
Expert Panel Name : K.A. Badarinath, Policy Editor, Financial Chronicle ; Parsa Venkateshwar Rao Jr, Senior Journalist ; C.N. Rao, Political Analyst ; Gopal Krishna Agarwal, National Spokesperson, BJP; Frank Rausan Pereira (Anchor)

Courtesy: Rajya Sabha TV

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(VIDEO) Nepal: Changing Equations - Rajya Sabha TV Big Picture Debate

(VIDEO) Nepal: Changing Equations - Rajya Sabha TV Big Picture Debate

Topic of Discussion: Nepal: Changing Equations - Rajya Sabha TV Big Picture Debate
Expert Panel Name : Virendra Gupta, Former Ambassador ; Prof. S.D. Muni, Foreign Affairs Expert ; Alok Bansal, Director, India Foundation; Frank Rausan Pereira (Anchor)

Courtesy: Rajya Sabha TV

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(VIDEO) BJP’s Surge in Northeast: Why & How? - Rajya Sabha TV Big Picture Debate

(VIDEO) BJP’s Surge in Northeast: Why & How? -

Rajya Sabha TV Big Picture Debate

Topic of Discussion: BJP’s Surge in Northeast: Why & How? - Rajya Sabha TV Big Picture Debate
Expert Panel Name : Deepak Diwan,Editor ,North East SunTopic: BJP’s Surge in Northeast: Why & How?; Gopal Krishna Agarwal ,National Spokesperson BJP; Neerja Chowdhury, Senior Journalist; Frank Rausan Pereira (Anchor)

Courtesy: Rajya Sabha TV

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Weekly Current Affairs 2017 Yearly PDF Set "Jan to Dec 2017" - Only 299/-

Weekly Current Affairs 2017 Yearly PDF Set "Jan to Dec 2017"

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Highway Liquor Prohibition : Important Topics for UPSC Exams


Highway Liquor Prohibition : Important Topics for UPSC Exams


Why in News?

In its recent judgement, the Supreme Court gave the State governments the discretion to decide, on facts, whether areas proximate to municipal pockets or areas covered by local self-governing bodies should be exempted from the court’s December 2016 judgement on prohibition on sale of liquor within 500 metres along the highways.

Supreme Court Judgement

  • In its December 2016 Judgement, the Supreme Court mandated the States and UTs to shut down all liquor vends like Bars, restaurants, shops etc. which are situated within 500 meters of the outer edge of National/ State Highways and the ban extended to highways passing through city/ town. Along with it the states were barred from granting the fresh licenses.

  • The ban order was based on a Supreme Court judgment on the petition in the State of Tamil Nadu vs K. Balu case (15 December 2016) and the Supreme Court had pointed out that the sale and consumption of alcohol was not a fundamental right enshrined in the Constitution.

  • The court exempted municipal areas from the prohibition on its another July 11, 2017 judgement and mentioned that ban mainly targeted busy national and State highways inter-connecting cities, towns and villages along.

Analysis

  • The main aim of the liquor prohibition, imposed in December 2016 judgment, was to prevent drunk driving along the National and State highways and SC had further mentioned that the order does not prohibit licensed establishments within municipal areas.

  • The July 11 order led to more confusion and states like Tamil Nadu sought for more clarification, on whether panchayats would also come under the definition of “municipal areas” mentioned in the order and further Tamil Nadu’s point was, “municipal areas” were not intended to exclude areas within the jurisdiction of local self-governing bodies and the States reasoned that in future, these panchayats might be developed in a manner similar to municipalities, or some of them might be geographically proximate to an urban agglomeration.

  • In a response to the objection laid on the July 11 order SC said that it is left to the States to take a decision after examining whether an area covered by a local self-governing body is proximate to a municipal agglomeration or is sufficiently developed and in deciding whether the principle which has been set down in the July order should be extended to a local self-governing body, the State governments would take recourse to all relevant circumstances, including the nature and extent of development in the area and the object underlying the direction prohibiting the sale of liquor on highways.

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Increasing Demand for other backward caste (OBC) status : Important Topics for UPSC Exams


Increasing Demand for other backward caste (OBC) status : Important Topics for UPSC Exams


Introduction

  • In recent times demand for other backward caste (OBC) status by various communities such as Patidars, Kapus, Jats, and Marathas have increased.

  • This demand reflects the challenges they are facing in getting job.

  • The rationale behind introduction of reservation system in India was to address historical injustice & inequalities and bring the socially and educationally backward classes into mainstream.

  • States are empowered under Article 15 and 16 for advancement of socially and educationally backward classes.

Why the demand is increasing reservation

  • Communities such as Patidars, Jats, Marathas claims for Reservation on ground of inadequate representation in Government Jobs

  • These demanding communities such as Patidars and Jats are traditionally agricultural community

  • But with decline in the probability of owning or cultivating land increasing uncertainty in the agrarian sector, they are seeking non-agricultural jobs, especially government jobs for which they demand OBC status.

  • The Indian economy is not creating many jobs which in creating tough competition in job market

  • Wages in the private sector are much lower than in the public sector.

  • Salaries of government jobs are mostly attractive at entry-level.

  • Unskilled population and increasing attrition in private sector.

Arguments for reservation

  • Promotes equality :Due to historical negligence caste based reservation are necessary in India. Reservation is a policy tool that promotes equality rather than undermines it.

  • Level playing field :Reservation helps in level playing field because we cannot expect groups who are historically deprived of education, skills, and economic mobility to suddenly start competing with those who had access to these means for centuries

  • Access to their fair share of society's resources:When people from all social groups are represented in government, higher education etc, it is less likely that marginalized groups will be denied fundamental rights and access to their fair share of society's resources.

  • Reduced the gap between upper and lower castes :Though Meritocracy is an important aspect, it has no meaning without equality. To a great extent caste based reservation reduced the gap between upper and lower castes.

Arguments against reservation

  • Equal footing: On one hand many people from lower castes have stepped up the social ladder and are now on an equal footing with the ‘general' population and on other hand, many upper castes are still suffering from poverty and illiteracy.

  • Harmful to economic structure :Reservation system can harm the economic structure of the country as it could bring down the efficiency of its labour.

  • Communal riots :Caste based reservation may develop into communal riot as a result of frustration of general population on lower caste.

  • Needy people not getting benefit of reservation: it is found that many times economically well off people enjoy the benefits of reservation, leaving aside real needy people.

  • Court argument: In Ashok Kumar Thakur v. Union of India, Justice Ravindran opined that when more people aspire for backwardness instead of forwardness, the Country itself stagnates.

  • Misused by Political parties : political parties have misused the tool of reservation for their vested interests which has hampered the real objective of granting reservation

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(VIDEO) BJP Conquers Northeast - Rajya Sabha TV Big Picture Debate

(VIDEO) BJP Conquers Northeast - Rajya Sabha TV Big Picture Debate

Topic of Discussion: (VIDEO) BJP Conquers Northeast - Rajya Sabha TV Big Picture Debate
Expert Panel Name : Balmiki Prasad Singh, Former Governor of Sikkim and Former Union Home Secretary, Deepk Dewan, Senior Journalist, Dr. Jaya Kumar, Secretary In-charge, Nagaland Congress, Jitendra Chaudhury, MP, Lok Sabha, CPM, Nalin Kohli, National spokesperson, BJP; Frank Rausan Pereira (Anchor)

Courtesy: Rajya Sabha TV

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(VIDEO) Growth story on track - Lok Sabha TV Insight Discussion

(VIDEO) Growth story on track - Lok Sabha TV Insight Discussion

Topic of Discussion: Growth story on track - Lok Sabha TV Insight Discussion

Expert Panel Name : Natasha Jha Bhaskar (Studio,Anchor)

Courtesy: Lok Sabha TV

The silent LPG revolution - Ujjwala Yojana : Important Topics for UPSC Exams


The silent LPG revolution - Ujjwala Yojana : Important Topics for UPSC Exams


Why in News?

  • The LPG Panchayat was organised by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas as an awareness drive with an aim to provide a platform for LPG consumers to interact with each other, promote mutual learning and share experiences and the Ministry intends to conduct 1 lakh such Panchayats across India before March 31, 2019; each LPG Panchayat will have around 100 members. 

  • On February 7, 2018 the Centre has decided to ramp up the target of 5 crore to eight crore and allocated an additional ₹4,800 crore to this end after setting aside ₹8,000 crore during the inception of the scheme.

Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Scheme (PMUY)

  • Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Scheme (PMUY) – the scheme for providing LPG connections to the women of Below Poverty Line (BPL) households.

  • Scheme was launched in May 2016.

Importance of Ujjwala Scheme & LPG

  • Ujjawala Yojana is strengthening women’s empowerment and also enabling rural women to escape the drudgery and negative health effects of using firewood and PMUY is rightly seen as one that lifts the health and quality of life of rural women.

  • The Economic Survey mentions that on an average, women spend around 374 hours every year for collection of firewood, thus LPG saves cooking time and this extra time can be utilised in some income generating activity.

  • Factors such as the difference in the taste of food when prepared on chulhas (wood-fired stoves) and the ease of using cook-stoves, were key in determining the popularity of cook-stoves over traditional methods.

  • LPG as cooking fuel has its advantages, those who have access to alternative cooking fuels – wood, cowdung cakes – continue to use it as well

How Ujjawala Scheme works

  • The customer, however, has to pay for the LPG stove and first refill charges. She can make an upfront payment or get into an EMI with the oil marketing company to pay for the LPG stove, or the first refill.

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Election funding : Important Topics for UPSC Exams


Election funding : Important Topics for UPSC Exams


In his 2017 Budget speech, while emphasising the absence of transparency in funding, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley noted that even 70 years after Independence we don’t have a transparent method of funding political parties which is important to ensure free and fair elections. According to a report by Association for Democratic Reforms nearly 70% of political funding came from unknown sources during 11 years of study.

How Election funding is done in India?

Corporate donations are the main source of election funding in India which are flooded with black money.

Public Disclosure Mechanism in India

  • It is very limited in India.

  • In 2008, under Right to Information (RTI) Act, the Central Information Commission (CIC) allowed disclosure of income tax returns of political parties. Although it is well known that actual expenditure is much higher than what is disclosed.

Transparency in Electoral Funding Vs Electoral Bonds

  • Anybody can buy the Electoral Bond and can donate it anonymously, and party will have to encash it within 14 days.

  • All donations to the party will be accounted in balance sheets but the donor name won’t be exposed. This is to ensure that donor could face serious consequences from the political opponents. But through this move Voter, Election Commission of India, Income Tax department would remain in dark.

  • Electoral Bonds will allow corporate houses to make anonymous donations via banking channels. And thus, Electoral Bond has not addressed the issue of corporate funding of election. Anonymous donations by corporate houses would further limit the oversight and accountability.

Other steps which may affect Transparency in the system

  1. Maximum limit of 7.5% of the profits a company can donate to a political party has been removed, this may lead to funding of Political Parties by the shell Companies.

  2. Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act (FCRA) was amended. This may lead to outwash of Foreign money to the funding of Political parties.

  3. Political Parties are not covered under RTI. This hides their source of funding.

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(VIDEO) Mainstreaming Afghan Taliban - Rajya Sabha TV Big Picture Debate

(VIDEO) Mainstreaming Afghan Taliban -

Rajya Sabha TV Big Picture Debate

Topic of Discussion: Mainstreaming Afghan Taliban - Rajya Sabha TV Big Picture Debate
Expert Panel Name : Prof. A.K. Pasha, Centre for West Asian Studies, JNU ; Vivek Katju, Former Ambassador ; Alok Bansal, Director, India Foundation ; Prof. Harsh V Pant, Head, Strategic Studies, ORF; Frank Rausan Pereira (Anchor)

Courtesy: Rajya Sabha TV

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UPSC IAS Exams के लिए पुरानी एनसीईआरटी (Old NCERT) Vs नई एनसीईआरटी (New NCERT)


यूपीएससी आईएएस परीक्षाओं UPSC IAS Exams के लिए पुरानी एनसीईआरटी Old NCERT बनाम Vs New NCERT Books नई एनसीईआरटी पुस्तकें


एक और सवाल जो अक्सर पूछा जाता है, कि क्या पुरानी एनसीईआरटी या नई एनसीईआरटी पुस्तकों को पढ़ना है? Old NCERT or New NCERT Books?

यह खंड इस प्रश्न से संबंधित आपके सभी प्रश्नों के उत्तर देने का प्रयास करता है

पुरानी और नई एनसीईआरटी : एक   तुलना

  1. संस्करण: सन 2005 से पहले प्रकाशित एनसीईआरटी किताबो को आमतौर पर पुरानी माना गया है, और जो 2005 के बाद प्रकाशित सभी किताबो को नई माना जाता है। हालांकि यह एकमात्र अंतर नहीं है

  1. ग्राफिक्स : नई एनसीईआरटी किताबो को अधिक ग्राफिकल माना जाता है क्योंकि वे अधिक छवियों और रंगों के साथ आती हैं, जो पुरानी की अपेक्षा अधिक स्पष्ट होती है, हालांकि ग्राफिक्स हमेशा खराब नहीं होते हैं उदाहरण के लिए, भूगोल की नई एनसीईआरटी किताबो में कुछ ऐसी छवियां हैं जो जटिल प्रक्रियाओं को एक बहुत सरल तरीके से समझा सकती हैं।

  2. सामग्री: नागरिक सेवा परीक्षा में अधिक सामग्री वाली एक पुस्तक को पढ़ना रंग और चित्रों के साथ बेहतर है,पुरानी एनसीईआरटी सामग्री में समृद्ध है 
    और बिपीन चन्द्र जैसे प्रमुख लेखक हैं, उदाहरण के तौर पर नई एनसीईआरटी की किताबे कई चित्रों के साथ आती  हैं, लेकिन तथ्यों के साथ-साथ ही रहती हैं, जबकि पुराने लोगों का कालानुक्रमिक होता है सुसंगत तरीके से इतिहास का पता चला है। प्रश्न 'स्पष्ट रूप से, अठारहवीं शताब्दी के मध्य में, भारत में विच्छेदित राजनीति (2017) की संभावना के साथ बाहर निकल आया' सीधे बिएन चंद्र द्वारा पुरानी एनसीईआरटी से उठाया गया था। इसके अलावा, नई एनसीईआरटी में अद्यतन जानकारी शामिल है और इस प्रकार वर्तमान मामलों के ज्ञान जैसे विषयों के लिए प्रासंगिक हैं।

  1. उपलब्धता: नई एनसीईआरटी के दोनों नरम और कठिन प्रतियां बाजार में आसानी से उपलब्ध हैं, जबकि पुराने लोग शायद ही कभी मिलते हैं। हार्ड प्रतियां केवल दिल्ली में खरीदी जा सकती हैं, जो अनुकूल प्रारूप में भी पठनीय हैं। नरम प्रतियों के मामले में, यह आप अपने दोस्तों के साथ पुस्तकों के बारे में पूछ सकते हैं और दिल्ली जाने या खरीदने के बजाय, आप उन्हें उन्हें कॉपी करके अपने पास रख सकते हैं।

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Get NCERT Books Compilation in concise printed format

एनसीईआरटी किताबों को कैसे चुने?

इस प्रश्न का कोई मानक उत्तर नहीं है बहुत कुछ व्यक्ति की योग्यता और अन्य कारकों जैसे कि विषय (स्थिर / गतिशील), उपलब्धता इत्यादि पर निर्भर करता है। चित्रमय स्मृति वाले लोग नए एनसीईआरटी की तरफ आकर्षित होंगे जबकि पाठ के प्रति आत्मीयता वाले लोग पुराने लोगों को पसंद करेंगे।

हाल कि सूची के बाद चयनित उम्मीदवारों की सिफारिश के आधार पर इसे तैयार किया जा रहा है :

  • इतिहास – पुरानी एनसीईआरटी जैसा कि विषय स्थिर है और बेहतर समझने के लिए एक सुसंगत और कालानुक्रमिक दृष्टिकोण की आवश्यकता है

  • अर्थशास्त्र – नई एनसीईआरटी एनसीईआरटी केवल मूलभूत पहलू को कवर करेगा और इसलिए वर्तमान समय के लिए जानकारी नवीनतम और प्रासंगिक होना चाहिए। इस विषय का अधिकांश भाग अख़बार से कवर किया जाना है

  • भूगोल – नई एनसीईआरटी स्पष्टीकरण के लिए अद्यतन जानकारी और चित्र आवश्यक है जो केवल नए एनसीईआरटी में उपलब्ध हैं

  • नीति, विज्ञान और तकनीक - नई एनसीईआरटी

 

Download NCERT PDF Books in English Medium

(डाउनलोड) एनसीईआरटी बुक (NCERT Books PDF in Hindi)

Download OLD NCERT PDF E-Books

Click Here for PRINT COPY of OLD & NEW NCERT Compilation for UPSC Exams

 

एनसीईआरटी से सीधे 4-5 प्रश्नों पर हर साल उम्मीद की जा सकती है और एनसीईआरटी से मूल अवधारणाओं को लागू करने से यूपीएससी प्री परीक्षा से इन प्रश्नों का हल किया जा सकता है : 

1. सर स्टैफोर्ड क्रिप्प्स की योजना ने माना कि द्वितीय विश्व युद्ध के बाद

(a) भारत को पूरी आजादी दी जानी चाहिए

(b) आजादी देने से पहले भारत को दो में विभाजित किया जाना चाहिए

(c) भारत को इस शर्त के साथ एक गणराज्य बनाया जाना चाहिए कि वह राष्ट्रमंडल में शामिल हो जाएगी

(d) भारत को डोमिनियन का दर्जा दिया जाना चाहिए

2. निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा / भारत सरकार के पूंजी बजट में शामिल है?

1. सड़कों, भवनों, मशीनरी आदि जैसे संपत्तियों के अधिग्रहण पर व्यय।

2. विदेशी सरकारों से प्राप्त ऋण

3. राज्यों और संघ शासित प्रदेशों को दिए गए ऋण और अग्रिम

3. नीचे दिए गए कोड का सही उत्तर का चयन करें।

(a) 1 केवल

(b) 2 और 3 केवल

(c) 1 और 3 केवल

(d) 1, 2 और 3


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Best Wishes for your IAS Preparations

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(VIDEO) Fight Against Corruption - Rajya Sabha TV Big Picture Debate

(VIDEO) Fight Against Corruption - Rajya Sabha TV Big Picture Debate

Topic of Discussion: Fight Against Corruption - Rajya Sabha TV Big Picture Debate
Expert Panel Name : A.K. Bhattacharya, Editorial Director, Business Standard ; Arun Kumar, Economist & Retd. Professor, JNU ; Vipul Mudgal, Director, Common Cause ; Justice B.A. Khan, Former Chief Justice, J&K High Court; Frank Rausan Pereira (Anchor)

Courtesy: Rajya Sabha TV

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India and WTO : Important Topics for UPSC Exams


India and WTO : Important Topics for UPSC Exams


Mandate of WTO:

WTO came into existence after the conclusion of the Uruguay round in 1995 replacing the post WWII General Agreement on trade and tariff (GATT). It was an improvement over GATT in the following ways:

  • Providing an institutional backbone to GATT

  • Provision of a dispute settlement body

  • Representation to the developing nations in its formation and negotiations

  • Covering other trade related aspects such as services, IPR, investments etc.

  • It included safeguards against non-tariff barriers as well

The objective of WTO is to establish a rule based global trade regime providing equitable opportunity to every nation for reaping the benefits of globalization. WTO works on the following principles:

  • Non Discrimination

    • Most Favored Nation: No special favors can be granted to any trading partner

    • National Treatment : No discrimination between the imported and domestic products once they enter the market (which allows imposition of custom duty)

  • Freer Trade: removal of the tariff and non-tariff barriers gradually through negotiations

  • Predictability: providing predictability in the trade policy through binding rules and transparency

  • Promoting fair competition: providing a system of rules dedicated to open, fair and undistorted competition such as allowing for imposition of anti-dumping duty

  • Encouraging Development and Economic Reforms: nudging the countries towards an open market and allow for special assistance and trade concessions for developing countries

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