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UPSC IAS Preliminary General Studies Paper-1: held on 24 August 2014 "Booklet - B" with Answer Keys

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Union Public Service Commission IAS Preliminary (CSAT) Exam, 2014

Actual Paper of the IAS PRE Exam, held on 24 August 2014.

General Studies Paper-1 "Test Booklet Series - B"

Q1.  The Partition of Bengal made by Lord Curzon in 1905 lasted until

(a) The First World War when Indian  troops were needed by the British and the partition was ended
(b) King George V abrogated Curzon's Act at the Royal Durbar in Delhi in 1911
(c) Gandhiji launched his Civil Disobedience Movement
(d) The Partition of India is 1947 when East Bengal became East Pakistan

Q2.  The 1929 Session of Indian National Congress is of significance in the history of the Freedom Movement because the

(a) Attainment of Self-Government was declared as the objective of the Congress
(b) Attainment of Poorna Swaraj was adopted as the goal of the Congress
(c) Non-Cooperation Movement was launched
(d) Decision to participate in the Round Table Conference in London was taken

Q3.  With reference to the famous Sattriya dance, consider the following statements:

1. Sattriya is a combination of music, dance and drama.
2. It is a centuries – old living tradition of Vaishnavites of Assam.
3. It is based on classical Ragas and Talas of devotional songs composed by Tulsidas, Kabir and Mirabai. 

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q4.  Chaitra 1 of the national calendar based on the Saka Era corresponds to which one of the following dates of the Gregorian calendar in a normal year of 365 days?

(a) 22nd March (or 21st March)
(b) 15th May (or 16th May)
(c) 31st March (or 30th March)
(d) 21st April (or 20th April)

Q5.  With reference to the Indian history of art and culture, consider the following pairs: Famous work of Site Sculpture

1. A grand image : Ajanta of Buddha's Mahaparinirvana With numerous celestial musicians above and the sorrowful figures of his followers below
2. A huge image of : Mount Abu Varaha Avatar (boar Incarnation) of Vishnu, as he rescues Goddess Earth from the deep and chaotic waters sculpted on rock
3. "Arjuna's Penance"/ : Mamallapuram "Descent of Ganga" sculpted on the surface of huge boulders

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q6. The Ghadr (Ghadar) was a

(a) revolutionary association of Indians with headquarters at San Francisco
(b) nationalist organization operating from Singapore
(c) militant organization with headquarters at Berlin
(d) communist movement for India's freedom with headquarters at Tashkent

Q7. With reference to India's culture and tradition, what is 'Kalaripayattu'?  

(a) It is an ancient Bhakti cult of Shaivism still prevalent in some parts of South India
(b) It is an ancient style bronze and brasswork still found in southern part of Coromandel area
(c) It is an ancient form of dancedrama and a living tradition in the northern part of Malabar
(d) It is an ancient martial art and a living tradition in some parts of South India

Q8. Consider the following pairs:

1. Garba : Gujarat
2. Mohiniattam : Odisha
3. Yakshagana : Karnataka

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q9. With reference to Buddhist history, tradition and culture in India, consider the following pairs: Famous shrine Location

1. Tabo monastery : Spiti Valley and temple complex
2. Lhotsava Lhakhang : Zanskar Valley temple, Nako
3. Alchi temple : Ladakh complex

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q10. Consider the following statements:

1. 'Bijak' is a composition of the teachings of Saint Dadu Dayal.
2. The Philosophy of Pushti Marg was propounded by Madhvacharya.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q11. A community of people called Manganiyars is well-known for their

(a) martial arts in North-East India
(b) musical tradition in North- West India
(c) classical vocal music in South India
(d) pietra dura tradition in Central India

Q12. What was/were the object/objects of Queen Victoria's Proclamation (1858)?

1. To disclaim any intention to annex Indian States
2. To place the Indian administration under the British Crown
3. To regulate East India Company's trade with India

Select the correct answer using the code given below

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q13. Ibadat Khana at Fatehpur Sikri was

(a) the mosque for the use of Royal Family
(b) Akbar's private prayer chamber
(c) the hall in which Akbar held discussions with scholars of various religions
(d) the room in which the nobles belonging to different religions gathered to discuss religious affairs.

Q14. In the context of food and nutritional security of India, enhancing the 'Seed Replacement Rates' of various crops helps in achieving the food production targets of the future. But what is/are the constraint/ constraints in its wider/greater implementation?

1. There is no National Seeds Policy in place.
2. There is no participation of private sector seed companies in the supply of quality seeds of vegetables and planting materials of horticultural crops.
3. There is a demand-supply gap regarding quality seeds in case of low value and high volume crops.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 3 only
(c) 2 and 3
(d) None

Q15. With reference to 'Eco-Sensitive Zones', which of the following statements is/are correct?

1. Eco-Sensitive Zones are the areas that are declared under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
2. The purpose of the declaration of Eco-Sensitive Zones is to prohibit all kinds of human activities in those zones except agriculture. 

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

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Q16. Consider the following statements:

1. Animal Welfare Board of India is established under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
2. National Tiger Conservation Authority is a statutory body.
3. National Ganga River Basin Authority is chaired by the Prime Minister.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q17. Consider the following pairs: Vitamin Deficiency disease

1. Vitamin C : Scurvy
2. Vitamin D : Rickets
3. Vitamin E : Night blindness

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) None

Q18. There is some concern regarding the nanoparticles of some chemical elements that are used by the industry in the manufacture of various products. Why?

1. They can accumulate in the environment, and contaminate water and soil.
2. They can enter the food chains.
3. They can trigger the production of free radicals.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q19. Which of the following organizations brings out the publication known as 'World Economic Outlook' ?

(a) The International Monetary Fund
(b) The United Nations Development Programme
(c) The World Economic Forum
(d) The World Bank

Q20. With reference to Union Budget, which of the following is/are covered under Non-Plan Expenditure?

1. Defence expenditure
2. Interest payments
3. Salaries and pensions
4. Subsidies

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 2, 3 and 4
(d) None

Q21. Which of the following have coral reefs?

1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands
2. Gulf of Kachchh
3. Gulf of Mannar
4. Sunderbans

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only
(b) 2 and 4 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Q22. In India, the problem of soil erosion is associated with which of the following?

1. Terrace cultivation
2. Deforestation
3. Tropical Climate

Select the correct answer using the code given below

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q23. The Seasonal reversal of winds is the typical characteristic of

(a) Equatorial climate
(b) Mediterranean climate
(c) Monsoon climate
(d) All of the above climates

Q24. With reference to the cultural history of India, the term 'Panchayatan' refers to

(a) an assembly of village elders
(b) a religious sect
(c) a style of temple construction
(d) an administrative functionary

Q25. Consider the following rivers:

1. Barak
2. Lohit
3. Subansiri

Which of the above flows / flow through Arunachal Pradesh?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q26. Consider the following Pairs : Wetlands Confluence of rivers

1. Harike Wetlands : Confluence of Beas and Satluj/Sutlej
2. Keoladeo Ghana : Confluence of National Park Banas and Chambal
3. Kolleru Lake : Confluence of Musi and Krishna

Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q27. Which one of the following pairs does not form part of the six systems of Indian Philosophy?

(a) Mimamsa and Vedanta
(b) Nyaya and Vaisheshika
(c) Lokayata and Kapalika
(d) Sankhya and Yoga

Q28. Consider the following Pairs :  Hills Region

1. Cardamom Hills : Coromandel Coast
2. Kaimur Hills : Konkan Coast
3. Mahadeo Hills : Central India
4. Mikir Hills : North-East India

Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 3 and 4
(d) 2 and 4

Q29. Which one of the following Schedules of the Constitution of India contains provisions regarding anti-defection?

(a) Second Schedule
(b) Fifth Schedule
(c) Eighth Schedule
(d) Tenth Schedule

Q30. The most important strategy for the conservation of biodiversity together with traditional human life is the establishment of

(a) biosphere reserves
(b) botanical gardens
(c) national parks
(d) wildlife sanctuaries

Q31. Turkey is located between

(a) Black Sea and Caspian Sea
(b) Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea
(c) Gulf of Suez and Mediterranean Sea
(d) Gulf of Aqaba and Dead Sea

Q32.  What is the correct sequence of occurrence of the following cities in South-East Asia as one proceeds from south to north?

1. Bangkok
2. Hanoi
3. Jakarta
4. Singapore

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 4 – 2 – 1 – 3
(b) 3 – 2 – 4 – 1
(c) 3 – 4 – 1 – 2
(d) 4 – 3 – 2 - 1

Q33. The scientific view is that the increase in global temperature should not exceed 2°C above pre-industrial level. If the global temperature increases beyond 3°C above the pre-industrial level, what can be its possible impact/impacts on the world?

1. Terrestrial biosphere tends toward a net carbon source
2. Widespread coral mortality will occur
3. All the global wetlands will permanently disappear.
4. Cultivation of cereals will not be possible anywhere in the world

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Q34.  The national motto of India, Satyameva Jayate’ inscribed below the Emblem of India is taken from

(a) Katha Upanishad
(b) Chandogya Upanishad
(c) Aitareya Upanishad
(d) Mundaka Upanishad

Q35.  In the constitution of India, promotionof international peace and security is included in the

(a) Preamble to the Constitution
(b) Directive Principles of State Policy
(c) Fundamental Duties
(d) Ninth Schedule

Q36.  What are the benefits of implementing the Integrated Watershed Development Programme?

1. Prevention of soil runoff
2. Linking the country’s perennial rivers with seasonal rivers
3. Rainwater harvesting and recharge of groundwater table.
4. Regeneration of natural vegetation.

Select the correct answer using the code given below :

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 1, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Q37.  Which of the following are associated with `Planning’ in India?

1. The Finance Commission
2. The National Development Council
3. The Union Ministry of Rural Development
4. The Union Ministry of Urban Development.
5. The Parliament

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1, 2 and 5 only
(b) 1, 3 and 4 only
(c) 2 and 5 only
(d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

Q38. Which of the following is/are the function/functions of the Cabinet Secretariat?

1. Preparation of agenda for Cabinet Meetings.
2. Secretarial assistance to Cabinet Committees
3. Allocation of financial resources to the Ministries.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q39. Consider the following statements: A Constitutional Government is one which

1. places effective restrictions on individual liberty in the interest of State Authority
2. places effective restrictions on the Authority of the State in the interest of individual liberty.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q40. Which of the following are the discretionary powers given to the Governor of a State?

1. Sending a report to the President of India for imposing the President’s rule.
2. Appointing the Ministers
3. Reserving certain bills passed by the State Legislature for consideration of the President of India
4. Making the rules to conduct the business of the State Government.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Q41. In medieval India, the designations `Mahattara’ and `Pattakila’ were used for

(a) military officers
(b) village headmen
(c) specialists in vedic rituals
(d) chiefs of craft guilds

Q42. Lichens, which are capable of initiating ecological succession even on a bare rock, are actually a symbiotic association of

(a) algae and bacteria
(b) algae and fungi
(c) bacteria and fungi
(d) fungi and mosses

Q43. If you travel through the Himalayas, you are likely to see which of the following plants naturally growing there?

1. Oak
2. Rhododendron
3. Sandalwood

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q44. Which of the following are some important pollutants released by steel industry in India?

1. Oxides of sulphur
2. Oxides of nitrogen
3. Carbon monoxide
4. Carbon dioxide

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1, 3 and 4 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Q45. Which of the following Kingdoms were associated with the life of the Buddha?

1. Avanti
2. Gandhara
3. Kosala
4. Magadha

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 2 and 4
(c) 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 3 and 4


Q46. Every year, a month long ecologically important campaign / festival is held during which certain communities / tribes plant saplings of fruit-bearing trees. Which of the
following are such communities / tribes?

(a) Bhutia and Lepcha
(b) Gond and Korku
(c) Irula and Toda
(d) Sahariya and Agariya

Q47. The sales tax you pay while purchasing a toothpaste is a

(a) tax imposed by the Central Government
(b) tax imposed by the Central Government but collected by the State Government
(c) tax imposed by the State Government but collected by the Central Government
(d) tax imposed and collected by the State Government

Q48. What does venture capital mean?

(a) A short-term capital provided to industries
(b) A long-term start-up capital provided to new entrepreneurs
(c) Funds provided to industries at times of incurring losses
(d) Funds provided for replacement and renovation of industries.

Q49. The main objective of the 12th Five- Year Plan is

(a) inclusive growth and poverty reduction.
(b) inclusive and sustainable growth
(c) sustainable and inclusive growth to reduce unemployment
(d) faster, sustainable and more inclusive growth.

Q50. With reference to Balance of Payments, which of the following constitutes / constitute the Current Account?

1. Balance of trade
2. Foreign assets
3. Balance of invisibles
4. Special Drawing Rights

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 4

Q51. The terms `Marginal Standing Facility Rate’ and `Net Demand and Time Liabilities’, sometimes appearing in news, are used in relation to

(a) banking operations
(b) communication networking
(c) military strategies
(d) supply and demand of agricultural products

Q52. What is/are the facility/facilities the beneficiaries can get from the services of Business Correspondent (Bank Saathi) in branchless areas?

1. It enables the beneficiaries to draw their subsidies and social security benefits in their villages.
2. It enables the beneficiaries in the rural areas to make deposits and withdrawals.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q53. In the context of Indian economy, which of the following is/are the purpose/purposes of `Statutory Reserve Requirements’?

1. To enable the Central Bank to control the amount of advances the banks can create
2. To make the people’s deposits with banks safe and liquid.
3. To prevent the commercial banks from making excessive profits.
4. To force the banks to have sufficient vault cash to meet their day-to-day requirements

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Q54. Recently, a series of uprisings of people referred to as `Arab Spring’ originally started from

(a) Egypt
(b) Lebanon
(c) Syria
(d) Tunisia

Q55. Consider the following countries:

1. Denmark
2. Japan
3. Russian Federation
4. United Kingdom
5. United States of America

Which of the above are the members of the `Arctic Council’?

(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 2, 3 and 4
(c) 1, 4 and 5
(d) 1, 3 and 5

Q56. Consider the following pairs: Region often Country in news

1. Chechnya : Russian Federation
2. Darfur : Mali
3. Swat Valley : Iraq

Which of the above pairs is / are correctly matched ?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q57. With reference to Agni – IV Missile, which of the following statements is / are correct ?

1. It is a surface-to-surface missile.
2. It is fuelled by liquid propellant only.
3. It can deliver one-tonne nuclear

warheads about 7500 km away. Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q58. With reference to two nonconventional energy sources called ‘coalbed methane’ and ‘shale gas’, consider the following statements :

1. Coalbed methane is the pure methane gas extracted from coal seams, while shale gas is a mixture of propane and butane only that can be extracted from fine-grained sedimentary rocks.
2. In India, abundant coalbed methane sources exist, but so far no shale gas sources have been found.`

Which of the statements given above is/ are correct ?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q59. With reference to ‘Changpa’ community of India, consider the following statements :

1. They live mainly in the State of Uttarakhand.
2. They rear the Pashmina goats that yield a fine wool.
3. They are kept in the category of Scheduled Tribes.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 only

Q60. In India, cluster bean (Guar) istraditionally used as a vegetable or animal feed, but recently the cultivation of this has assumed significance.

Which one of the following statements is correct in this context ?

(a) The oil extracted from seeds is used in the manufacture of biodegradable plastics
(b) The gun made from its seeds is used in the extraction of shale gas
(c) The leaf extract of this plant has the properties of anti-histamines
(d) It is a source of high quality biodiesel

Q61. If the interest rate is decreased in an economy, it will

(a) decrease the consumption expenditure in the economy
(b) increase the tax collection of the Government
(c) increase the investment expenditure in the economy
(d) increase the total savings in the economy

Q62. Consider the following statements :

1. The President shall make rules for the more convenient transaction of the business of the Government of India, and for the allocation among Ministers of the said business.
2. All executive actions of the Government of India shall be expressed to be taken in the name of the Prime Minister.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q63. Consider the following statements regarding a No-Confidence Motion in India :

1. There is no mention of a No-Confidence Motion in the Constitution of India.
2. A Motion of No-Confidence can be introduced in the Lok Sabha only.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q64. With reference to Need tree, consider the following statements :

1. Neem oil can be used as a pesticide to control the proliferation of some species of insects and mites.
2. Neem seeds are used in the manufacture of biofuels and hospital detergents.
3. Neem oil has applications in pharmaceutical industry.

Which of the statements given above is / are correct ?

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q65. Which one of the following is the process involved in photosynthesis ?

(a) Potential energy is released to form free energy
(b) Free energy is converted into potential energy and stored
(c) Food is oxidized to release carbon dioxide and water
(d) Oxygen is taken, and carbon dioxide and water vapour are given out

Q66. In addition to fingerprint scanning, which of the following can be used in the biometric identification of a person ?

1. Iris scanning
2. Retinal scanning
3. Voice recognition

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 only

Q67. Which of the following statements is / are correct regarding vegetative propagation of plants ?

1. Vegetative propagation products clonal population.
2. Vegetative propagation helps in eliminating the virus.
3. Vegetative propagation can be practiced most of the year.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q68. Which of the following pairs is/are correctly matched ? Spacecraft Purpose

1. Cassini –Huygens Orbiting the: Venus and transmitting data to the Earth
2. Messenger: Mapping and investigating the Mercury
3. Voyager 1 and 2: Exploring the outer solar system

Select the correct answer using thecode given below:

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q69. Consider the following pairs : Region Well-known for the production of

1. Kinnaur : Area nut
2. Mewat : Mango
3. Coromandel : Soya bean

Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched ?

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) None

Q70. Which of the following is/are the example /examples of chemical change ?

1. Crystallization of sodium chloride.
2. Melting of ice
3. Sourcing of milk

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) None

Q71. The power of the Supreme Court of India to decide disputes between the Centre and the States falls under its

(a) advisory jurisdiction
(b) appellate jurisdiction
(c) original jurisdiction
(d) writ jurisdiction

Q72. Consider the following techniques / phenomena:

1. Budding and grafting in fruit plants
2. Cytoplasmic male sterility
3. Gene silencing

Which of the above is/are used to create transgenic crops ?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) None

Doubt in Answer

Q73. Consider the following statements :

1. Maize can be used for the production of starch.
2. Oil extracted from maize can be a feedstock for biodiesel.
3. Alcoholic beverages can be produced by using maize.

Which of the statements given above is / are correct ?

(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q74. Among the following organisms, which one does not belong to the class of other three ?

(a) Crab
(b) Mite
(c) Scorpion
(d) Spider

Q75. The power to increase the number of judges in the Supreme Court of India is vested in

(a) the President of India
(b) the Parliament
(c) the Chief Justice of India
(d) the Law Commission

Q76. Consider the following towns of India :

1. Bhadrachalam
2. Chanderi
3. Kancheepuram
4. Karnal

Which of the above are famous for the production of traditional sarees/fabric?

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) 1, 3 and 4

Q77. Consider the following pairs : National Cities Highway Connected

1. NH 4: Chennai and Hyderabad
2. NH 6: Mumbai and Kolkata
3. NH 15: Ahmedabad and Jodhpur

Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) None

Q78. Consider the following international agreements :

1. The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture.
2. The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification.
3. The World Heritage Convention.

Which of the above has/have a bearing on the biodiversity?

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q79. Consider the following statements regarding ‘Earth Hour’ :

1. It is an initiative of UNEP and UNESCO.
2. It is a movement in which the participants switch off the lights for one hour on a certain day every year.
3. It is a movement to raise the awareness about the climate change and the need to save the planet.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q80. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of a food chain?                                                                                                                                                                                                                    

(a) Diatoms-Crustaceans-Herrings.
(b) Crustaceans-Diatoms-Herrings.
(c) Diatoms-Herrings-Crustaceans.
(d) Crustaceans-Herrings-Diatoms.

Q81. What are the significances of apractical approach to sugarcane production known as ‘Sustainable Sugarcane Initiative’ ?

1. Seed cost is very low in this compared to the conventional method of cultivation.
2. Drip irrigation can be practiced very effectively in this.
3. There is no application of chemical/inorganic fertilizers at all in this.
4. The scope for intercropping is more in this compared to the conventional method of cultivation.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 1, 2 and 4 only
(c) 2, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Q82. If a wetland of international importance is brought under the ‘Montreux Record’, what does it imply?

(a) Changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring or are likely to occur in the wetland as a result of human interference.
(b) The country in which the wetland is located should enact a law to prohibit any human activity within five kilometers from the edge of the wetland.
(c) The survival of the wetland depends on the cultural practices and traditions of certain communities living in its vicinity and therefore the cultural diversity therein should not be destroyed.
(d) It is given the status of ‘World Heritage Site’.

Q83. Which one of the following pairs of islands is separated from each other by the ‘Ten Degree Channel’ ?

(a) Andaman and Nicobar.
(b) Nicobar and Sumatra
(c) Maldives and Lakshadweep
(d) Sumatra and Java

Q84. Consider the following pairs : Programme/Project Ministry

1. Drought-Prone : Minsitry of Area Programme Agriculture
2. Desert Development : Minsitry of Programme Environment and Forests
3. National Watershed : Minsitry of Development Project Rural for Rainfed Areas Development

Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) None
 

Q85. With reference to Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS), consider the following statements :

1. It is an autonomous organization under the Ministry of Environment and Forests.
2. It strives to conserve nature through action based research, education and public awareness.
3. It organizes and conducts nature trails and camps for the general public.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q86. With reference to ‘Global Environment Facility’,

Which of the following statements is/are correct?

(a) It serves as financial mechanism for ‘Convention on Biological Diversity’ and ‘United Nations Framework Convention on Cliamte Change’.
(b) It undertakes scientific research on environmental issues at global level.
(c) It is an agency under OECD to facilitate the transfer of technology and funds to underdeveloped countries with specific aim to protect their environment.
(d) Both (a) and (b).

Q87. With reference to technologies for solar power production, consider the following statements :

1. ‘Photovoltaics’ is a technology that generates electricity by direct conservation of light into electricity, while ‘Solar Thermal’ is a technology that utilizes the Suns’s rays to generate heat which is further used in electricity generation process.
2. Photovoltaics generates Alternating Current (AC), while Solar Thermal generates Direct Current (DC).
3. India has manufacturing base for Solar Thermal technology, but not for Photovoltaics.

Which of the statements given aboveis/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) None

Q88. Consider the following languages :

1. Gujarati
2. Kannada
3. Telugu

Which of the above has/have been declared as ‘Classical  Language/Languages’ by the Government?

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q89. Consider the following pairs :

1. Dampa Tiger : Mizoram Reserve
2. Gumti Wildlife : Sikkim Sanctuary
3. Saramati Peak : Nagaland

Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q90. With reference to a conservation organization called ‘Wetlands International’, which of the following statements is/are correct?

1. It is an intergovernmental organization formed by the countries which are signatories to Ramsar Convention.
2. It works at the field level to develop and mobilize knowledge, and use the practical experience to advocate for better policies. 

Select the correct answer using the code given below :

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q91. With reference to a grouping of countries known as BRICS, consider the following statements :

1. The First Summit of BRICS was held in Rio De Janeiro in 2009.
2. South Africa was the last to join the BRICS grouping.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q92. Consider the following diseases :

1. Diphtheria
2. Chickenpox
3. Smallpox

Which of the above diseases has/ havebeen eradicated in India?

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) None

Q93. Which of the following phenomena might have influenced the evolution of organisms?

1. Continental drift
2. Glacial cycles

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q94. Other than poaching, what are the possible reasons for the decline in the population of Ganges River Dolphins?

1. Construction of dams and barrages on rivers.
2. Increase in the population of crocodiles in rivers.
3. Getting trapped in fishing nets accidentally.
4. Use of synthetic fertilizers and other agricultural chemicals in crop-fields in the vicinity of rivers.

Select the correct answer using the code given below :

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Q95. The Radcliffe Committee was appointed to

(a) solve the problem of minorities in India
(b) give effect to the Independence Bill
(c) delimit the boundaries between India and Pakistan
(d) enquire into the riots in East Bengal

Q96. Brominated flame retardants are used in many household products like mattresses and upholstery. Why is there some concern about their use?

1. They are highly resistant to degradation in the environment.
2. They are able to accumulate in humans and animals.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q97. Consider the following :

1. Bats
2. Bears
3. Rodents

The phenomenon of hibernation can be observed in which of the above kinds of animals?

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) Hibernation cannot be observed in any of the above.

Q98. Which one of the following is the largest Committee of the Parliament?

(a) The Committee on Public Accounts
(b) The Committee on Estimates
(c) The Committee on Public Undertakings
(d) The Committee on Petitions

Q99. Which of the following adds/add carbon dioxide to the carbon cycle on the planet Earth?

1. Volcanic action
2. Respiration
3. Photosynthesis
4. Decay of organic matter

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1, 2 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Q100. If you walk through countryside, you are likely to see some birds stalking alongside the cattle to seize the insects disturbed by their movement through grasses. Which of the following is / are such bird/birds?

1. Painted Stork
2. Common Myna
3. Black-necked Crane

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 3 only

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IAS Pre 2014 Papers Answer Keys by Vajiram and Ravi

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IAS Pre 2014 Papers Ans Keys by Vajiram and Ravi


Below CSAT Exam 2014 answer keys are provided by Leading Coaching center in Delhi. Hopefully you will find it useful. for specific queries and errors please contact the institute directly.

Exam Name: IAS (Pre.)

Exam Date: 24 August 2014

(Answer Keys) UPSC IAS Preliminary CSAT Paper - 2: held on 24 August 2014 "Test Booklet - A"

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Union Public Service Commission IAS Preliminary (CSAT) Exam, 2014

Actual Paper of the IAS PRE (CSAT Paper -2) Exam, held on 24 August 2014.

Directions for the following 5 (five) items Read the following two passages and answer the items that follow each passage. Your answers to these items should be based on the passages only

Passage – 1

In recent times, India has grown fast not only compared to its own past but also in comparison with other nations. But there cannot be any room for complacency because it is possible for the Indian economy to develop even faster and also to spread the benefits of this growth more widely than has been done thus far. Before going into details of the kinds of micro-structural changes that we need to conceptualize and then proceed to implement, it is worthwhile elaborating on the idea of inclusive growth that constitutes the defining concept behind this Government’s various economic policies and decisions. A nation interested in inclusive growth views the same growth differently depending on whether the gains of the growth are heaped primarily on a small segment or shared widely by the population. The latter is cause for celebration but not the former. In other words, growth must not be treated as an end in itself but as an instrument for spreading prosperity to all. India’s own past experience and the experience of other nations suggests that it is not a sufficient condition. In other words, policies for promoting growth need to be complemented with policies to ensure that more and more people join in the growth process and, further, that there are mechanisms in place to redistribute some of the gains to those who are unable to partake in the market process and, hence, get left behind. A simple way of giving this idea of inclusive growth a sharper form is to measure a nation's progress in terms of the progress of its poorest segment, for instance the bottom 20 percent of the population. One could measure the per capita income of the bottom quintile of the population and also calculate the growth rate of income; and evaluate our economic success in terms of these measures that pertain to the poorest segment. This approach is attractive because it does not ignore growth like some of the older heterodox criteria did. It simply looks at the growth of income of the poorest sections of the population. It also ensures that those who are outside of the bottom quintile do not get ignored. If that were done, then those people would in all likelihood drop down into the bottom quintile and so would automatically become a direct target of our policies. Hence the criterion being suggested here is a statistical summing up of the idea of inclusive growth, which, in turn, leads to two corollaries: to wish that India must strive to achieve high growth and that we must work to ensure that the weakest segments benefit from the growth.

Q1. The author's central focus is on

(a) applauding India's economic growth not only against its own past performance, but against other nations.
(b) emphasizing the need for economic growth which is the sole determinant of a country's prosperity.
(c) emphasizing inclusive growth where gains of growth are shared widely by the population.
(d) emphasizing high growth.

Q2. The author supports policies which will help

(a) develop economic growth
(b) better distribution of incomes irrespective of rate of growth.
(c) develop economic growth and redistribute economic gains to those getting left behind.
(d) put an emphasis on the development of the poorest segments of society.

Q3. Consider the following statements

According to the author, India's economy has grown but there is no room for complacency as
1. growth eradicates poverty.
2. growth has resulted in prosperity for all.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

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(Download) IAS, IFoS Preliminary General Studies Paper-1: 2013 "Test Booklet Series - A"

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(Download) UPSC IAS, IFoS Preliminary General Studies Paper-1: 2013 "Test Booklet Series - A"

Actual Paper of the IAS PRE Exam, held on 26 May 2013.

General Studies Paper-1 "Test Booklet Series - A"

 

File Type: PDF File

File Size: 5 MB

Date of Exam: 26-05-2-13

Questions Asked from Below Topics: 

  • Current events of National and International importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography - Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance - Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development -Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialisation
  • General Science

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(Answer Keys) IAS Preliminary General Studies Paper-1: 2013 "Test Booklet-B"

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Union Public Service Commission
IAS Preliminary (CSAT) Exam, 2013

Actual Paper of the IAS PRE Exam, held on 26 May 2013.

General Studies Paper-1 "Test Booklet Series - B"

1. Priority Sector Lending by banks in India constitutes the lending to
(a) agriculture
(b) micro and small enterprises
(c) weaker sections
(d) All of the above

 

2. Which one among the following industries is the maximum consumer of water in India?
(a) Engineering
(b) Paper and pulp
(c) Textiles
(d) Thermal power

 

3. To obtain full benefits of demographic dividend, what should India do?
(a) Promoting skill development
(b) Introducing more social security schemes
(c) Reducing infant mortality rate
(d) Privatization of higher education

 

4. In the context of cultural history of India, a pose in dance and dramatics called ‘Tribhanga’ has been a favourite of Indian artists from ancient times till today. Which one of the following statements best describes this pose?
(a) One leg is bent and the body is slightly but oppositely curved at waist and neck
(b) Facial expressions, hand gestures and make-up are combined to symbolize certain epic or historic characters
(c) Movements of body, face and hands are used to express oneself or to tell a story
(d) A little smile, slightly curved waist and certain hand gestures are emphasized to express the feelings of love or eroticism.

 

5. Annie Besant was
1. Responsible for starting the Home Rule Movement
2. The founder of the Theosophical Society
3. Once the President of the Indian National Congress

Select the correct statement / statements using the codes given below.

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

6. The Ilbert Bill controversy was related to the
(a) imposition of certain restrictions to carry arms by the Indians
(b) imposition of restrictions on newspapers and magazines published in Indian languages
(c) removal of disqualifications imposed on the Indian magistrates with regard to the trial of the Europeans
(d) removal of a duty on imported cotton cloth.

 

7. A rise in general level of prices may be caused by
1. an increase in the money supply
2. a decrease in the aggregate level of output
3. an increase in the effective demand

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(a) 1only
(b) 1and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

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8. Which one of the following groups of items is included in India’s foreign – exchange reserves?
(a) Foreign-currency assets, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and loans from foreign countries
(b) Foreign – currency assets, gold holdings of the RBI and SDRs
(c) Foreign – currency assets, loans from the World Bank and SDRs
(d) Foreign – currency assets, gold holdings of the RBI and loans from the World Bank

 

9. Which one of the following is likely to be the most inflationary in its effect?
(a) Repayment of public debt
(b) Borrowing from the public to finance a budget deficit
(c) Borrowing from banks to finance a budget deficit
(d) Creating new money to finance a budget deficit

 

10. Supply of money remaining the same when there is an increase in demand for money, there will be
(a) a fall in the level of prices
(b) an increase in the rate of interest
(c) a decrease in the rate of interest
(d) an increase in the level of income and employment

 

(Download) UPSC IAS Prelims 2010 : General Studies - Question Paper

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(Download) UPSC Prelims 2010 : General Studies
Question Paper and Answer Key

Subject: General Studies
Exam Date: 23rd May 2010
Booklet Series: C
File Size: 2.8 Mb
File Type: PDF

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(Paper) IAS GENERAL STUDIES PRELIM - 2006 Question Paper

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Paper : IAS GENERAL STUDIES PRELIM - 2006 Question Paper

1. Match List . 1 with List . II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists : 

List . I 
(National Park/ Wildlife Sanctuary) 

A. Chandra Prabha 
B. Karera 
C. Jaisamand 
D. Nahargarh 

List . II


(Nearby Town) 
1. Jaipur 
2. Jhansi 
3. Agra 
4. Varanasi 
5. Udaipur 

A B C D 


(a) 4 1 5 2 
(b) 5 2 3 1 
(c) 4 2 5 1 
(d) 5 1 3 2 

2. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched ? 
Well . known Company Major Area of Work 
(a) Adobe Systems India : Software 
(b) Sasken : Communication technology 
(c) Genpact : Power generation 
(d) Sunthite : Export of spices 

3. Match List . I with Likst . II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists : 

List . I List . II 
(Place of (State) Archaeological Monument) 

A. Sisupalgarh 1. Assam 
B. Piprahwa 2. Manipur 
C. Goalpara 3. Orissa 
D. Bishnupur 4. Uttar Pradesh 

A B C D 


(a) 2 4 1 3 
(b) 2 1 4 3 
(c) 3 4 1 2 
(d) 3 1 4 2 

4. In which one among the following is the speed of sound maximum ? 
(a) Air at 0ºC (b) Air at 100ºC 
(c) Water (d) Wood 

5. Consider the following chemicals : 
1. Benzene 
2. Carbon tetrachloride 
3. Sodium Carbonate 
4. Trichloroethylene 

Which of the above is/are used as dry cleaning chemicals ? 


(a) 1 Only (b) 2 Only 
(c) 1, 2 and 4 Only (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 

6. Consider the following statements : 
1. Caffeine, a constituent of tea and coffee is a diuretic. 
2. Citric acid is used in soft drinks. 
3. Ascorbic acid is essential for the formation of bones and teeth. 
4. Citric acid is a good substitution for ascorbic acid in our nutrition. 

Which of the statements given above are correct ? 


(a) 1 and 2, only (b) 1, 2 and 3, only 
(c) 3 and 4 only (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 

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